IL.11. Inquiry and Design: Understand the processes of scientific inquiry and technological design to investigate questions, conduct experiments and solve problems.
11.A. Know and apply the concepts, principles and processes of scientific inquiry.
11.A.3e. Use data manipulation tools and quantitative (e.g., mean, mode, simple equations) and representational methods (e.g., simulations, image processing) to analyze measurements.
IL.12. Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
12.A. Know and apply concepts that explain how living things function, adapt and change.
12.A.3c. Compare and contrast how different forms and structures reflect different functions (e.g., similarities and differences among animals that fly, walk or swim; structures of plant cells and animal cells).
IL.13. Science, Technology, and Society: Understand the relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.
13.A. Know and apply the accepted practices of science.
13.A.3c. Explain what is similar and different about observational and experimental investigations.