Earth/Space Science: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the chemical and physical interactions (i.e., natural forces and cycles, transfer of energy) of the environment, Earth, and the universe that occur over time.
Plate Tectonics: Recognize and describe the internal and external structure of the Earth.
Recognize and describe that the Earth's mantle: Lies between the core and the crust; Is very hot; Has properties of both solids and liquid.
Recognize and describe that the Earth's core: Is at the center of the Earth; Is very hot; Is dense and metallic.
Identify and describe the Earth's crust: The solid crust consists of separate plates; The plates constantly move at a slow pace in different directions; The plates interact with one another as a result of plate motion.
Plate Tectonics: Recognize and explain how major geologic events are a result of the movement of Earth's crustal plates.
Recognize and describe the evidence for plate movement: Shape of continents; Continuity of geologic features and fossils on the continents; Ocean rifts, seafloor spreading; Global patterns of earthquakes and volcanoes
Recognize and explain that major geologic events (earthquakes, volcanic activity, sea floor spreading) occur along crustal plate boundaries.
Physics: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of matter and energy and the energy transformations that occur
Wave Interactions: Identify and describe the relationships among the various properties of waves.
Cite examples to show that waves transfer energy from one place to another: Light; Sound; Earthquake waves.