DE.4. Earth in Space
4.2. The Solar System
Enduring Understanding: Most objects in the Solar System orbit the Sun and have distinctive physical characteristics and orderly motion.
4.2.D. Planets and their moons have been shaped over time by common processes such as cratering, volcanism, erosion, and tectonics. The presence of life on a planet can contribute to its unique development. (Level: Compact)
DE.5. Earth's Dynamic Systems
5.2. Interactions Throughout Earth's Systems
Enduring Understanding: Earth's components form systems. These systems continually interact at different rates of time, affecting the Earth locally and globally.
5.2.K. Past geological events and environments can be reconstructed by interpreting fossilized remains and successive layering of sedimentary rocks. (Level: Important)
5.2.L. The fit of continental coastlines, the similarity of rock types and fossilized remains provide evidence that today's continents were once a single land mass. The continents moved to their current positions on plates driven by energy from Earth's interior. (Level: Important)
DE.7. Diversity and Continuity of Living Things
7.2. Diversity and Evolution
Enduring Understanding: The diversity and changing of life forms over many generations is the result of natural selection, in which organisms with advantageous traits survive, reproduce, and pass those traits to offspring.
7.2.A. The Earth's present day species evolved from earlier, distinctly different species. Many thousands of layers of sedimentary rock provide evidence for the long history of the Earth and for the long history of changing life forms whose remains are found in the rocks. More recently deposited rock layers are more likely to contain fossils resembling existing species. (Level: Compact)