ME.A. Unifying Themes: Students apply the principles of systems, models, constancy and change, and scale in science and technology.
A.3. Constancy and Change: Students describe how patterns of change vary in physical, biological, and technological systems.
A.3.c. Describe rates of change and cyclic patterns using appropriate grade-level mathematics.
ME.B. The Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry and Technological Design: Students plan, conduct, analyze data from and communicate results of in-depth scientific investigations; and they use a systematic process, tools, equipment, and a variety of materials to create a technological design and produce a solution or product to meet a specified need.
B.1. Skills and Traits of Scientific Inquiry: Students plan, conduct, analyze data from, and communicate results of investigations, including simple experiments.
B.1.d. Use mathematics to gather, organize, and present data and structure convincing explanations.
ME.D. The Physical Setting: Students understand the universal nature of matter, energy, force, and motion and identify how these relationships are exhibited in Earth Systems, in the solar system, and throughout the universe.
D.2. Earth: Students describe the various cycles, physical and biological forces and processes, position in space, energy transformations, and human actions that affect the short- term and long-term changes to the Earth.
D.2.d. Describe significant Earth resources and how their limited supply affects how they are used.
D.3. Matter and Energy: Students describe physical and chemical properties of matter, interactions and changes in matter, and transfer of energy through matter.
D.3.h. Describe several different types of energy forms including heat energy, chemical energy, and mechanical energy.
D.3.i. Use examples of energy transformations from one form to another to explain that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
D.3.j. Describe how heat is transferred from one object to another by conduction, convection, and/or radiation.