VT.ESS. Earth/Space Science
Enduring Knowledge: The universe, earth and all earth systems have undergone change in the past, continue to change in the present and are predicted to continue changing in the future.
S7-8:49. Students demonstrate their understanding of Processes and Change within Natural Resources by:
S7-8:49.1. Investigating natural resources in the community and monitoring/managing them for responsible use. (DOK 2)
VT.PS. Physical Science
Enduring Knowledge: Energy is necessary for change to occur. It is the ability of matter to bring about change. There are many forms of energy. The total energy in the universe is constant. Energy can be transformed and transferred, but not destroyed (Conservation of Energy). Energy transfers and transformations exhibit the characteristics of systems with inputs, processes and outputs, as well as connections to other systems.
S7-8:23. Students demonstrate their understanding of Heat Energy by:
S7-8:23.2. Creating a diagram, model, or analogy to explain differences among conduction, convection, and radiation, and using their visual to explain how heat energy travels in different directions and through different materials by each method of energy transfer. (DOK 2)
VT.SI. Scientific Inquiry
Enduring Knowledge (Conducting Experiments): Students follow an experimental design and use scientific tools (including measurement tools) appropriately and accurately. At early stages, students are encouraged to pay close attention to their experimental plan and record data throughout an investigation. At later stages, students engage in extended investigations and use more sophisticated science tools including computers.
S7-8:4. Students demonstrate their ability to CONDUCT EXPERIMENTS by:
S7-8:4.1. Accurately quantifying observations using appropriate measurement tools. (DOK 2)
Enduring Knowledge (Designing Experiments): Students design investigations that control variables, generate adequate data/observations to provide reasonable explanations, and can be reproduced by other scientists. At early stages, experimental design reflects what the experimenter will do to answer a question and ensure that a test is fair. At later stages, students design investigations that will produce the appropriate kinds of evidence to support or refute an hypothesis. Multiple trials or the collection of multiple data points are incorporated into the design and variables are controlled to ensure that the investigation is valid and reproducible.
S7-8:3. Students demonstrate their understanding of EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN by:
S7-8:3.1. Writing a plan related to the question and prediction that includes:
S7-8:3.1.d. Identification of tools and procedures for collecting data and reducing error. (DOK 3)
Enduring Knowledge (Representing Data and Analysis): Students represent data using text, charts, tables, graphs.
S7-8:7. Students demonstrate their ability to EXPLAIN DATA by:
S7-8:7.5. Using mathematical analysis as an integral component of the conclusion. (DOK 2)