MI.CC.RST.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Craft and Structure
RST.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
MI.L. Life Science
L.OL. Organization of Living Things: Develop an understanding that plants and animals (including humans) have basic requirements for maintaining life which include the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that all life forms can be classified as producers, consumers, or decomposers as they are all part of a global food chain where food/energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food/energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animals can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells and they exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite life cycle, body parts, and systems to perform specific life functions.
L.OL.M.2. Cell Functions- All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell to many cells. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells, and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.
L.OL.07.23. Describe how cells in all multicellular organisms are specialized to take in nutrients, which they use to provide energy for the work that cells do and to make the materials that a cell or organism needs.
L.OL.M.3. Growth and Development- Following fertilization, cell division produces a small cluster of cells that then differentiate by appearance and function to form the basic tissue of an embryo.
L.OL.07.31. Describe growth and development in terms of increase of cell number and/or cell size.
L.OL.M.6. Photosynthesis- Plants are producers; they use the energy from light to make sugar molecules from the atoms of carbon dioxide and water. Plants use these sugars along with minerals from the soil to form fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. These products can be used immediately, incorporated into the cells of a plant as the plant grows, or stored for later use.
L.OL.07.61. Recognize the need for light to provide energy for the production of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
L.OL.07.62. Explain that carbon dioxide and water are used to produce carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
L.OL.07.63. Describe evidence that plants make, use and store food.
MI.P. Physical Science
P.EN. Energy: Develop an understanding that there are many forms of energy (such as heat, light, sound, and electrical) and that energy is transferable by convection, conduction, or radiation. Understand energy can be in motion, called kinetic; or it can be stored, called potential. Develop an understanding that as temperature increases, more energy is added to a system. Understand nuclear reactions in the sun produce light and heat for the Earth.
P.EN.M.4. Energy Transfer- Energy is transferred from a source to a receiver by radiation, conduction, and convection. When energy is transferred from a source to a receiver, the quantity of energy before the transfer is equal to the quantity of energy after the transfer.
P.EN.07.43. Explain how light energy is transferred to chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis.
MI.S. Science Processes
S.IP. Inquiry Process: Develop an understanding that scientific inquiry and reasoning involves observing, questioning, investigating, recording, and developing solutions to problems.
S.IP.M.1. Inquiry involves generating questions, conducting investigations, and developing solutions to problems through reasoning and observation.
S.IP.07.12. Design and conduct scientific investigations.
S.RS. Reflection and Social Implications: Develop an understanding that claims and evidence for their scientific merit should be analyzed. Understand how scientists decide what constitutes scientific knowledge. Develop an understanding of the importance of reflection on scientific knowledge and its application to new situations to better understand the role of science in society and technology.
S.RS.M.1. Reflecting on knowledge is the application of scientific knowledge to new and different situations. Reflecting on knowledge requires careful analysis of evidence that guides decision-making and the application of science throughout history and within society.
S.RS.07.15. Demonstrate scientific concepts through various illustrations, performances, models, exhibits, and activities.