KY.AE. Academic Expectation
AE.1. Students are able to use basic communication and mathematics skills for purposes and situations they will encounter throughout their lives.
1.13. Students make sense of ideas and communicate ideas with the visual arts.
1.3. Students make sense of the various things they observe.
AE.2. Students shall develop their abilities to apply core concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, practical living studies, and vocational studies to what they will encounter throughout their lives.
2.1. Science: Students understand scientific ways of thinking and working and use those methods to solve real-life problems.
KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1
SC-08-2.3. The Earth and the Universe: The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on earth in many ways. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur.
SC-08-2.3.3. Earth/Space Science: Students will explain the transfer of Earth's internal heat in the mantle (crustal movement, hotspots, geysers); describe the interacting components (convection currents) within the Earth's system.
KY.CC.6-8.RST. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
6-8.RST.7. Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
KY.CC.6-8.WHST. Writing Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
Text Types and Purposes
6-8.WHST.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
6-8.WHST.2.d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006
SC-8-EU. Big Idea: The Earth and the Universe (Earth/Space Science) - The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on Earth in many ways. Development of conceptual understandings about processes that shape the Earth begin at the elementary level with understanding what Earth materials are and that change occurs. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur. An understanding of systems and their interacting components will enable students to evaluate supporting theories of Earth changes. The use of models and observance of patterns to explain common phenomena is essential to building a conceptual foundation and supporting ideas with evidence at all levels. In middle school, students begin to look beyond what can be directly observed as they explore the Earth-sun-moon system, as well as the rest of our solar system, employing the concept of scale within their models. Patterns play an important role as students seek to develop a conceptual understanding of gravity in their world and in the universe. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3)
SC-8-EU-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify a variety of landforms on the Earth's surface that have undergone changes (both fast and slow) and investigate the forces responsible for those changes
SC-9-EU-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that heat flow and movement of molten rock within the interior of the Earth results in crustal changes such as earthquakes, volcanoes and continental drift.