KY.AE. Academic Expectation
AE.2. Students shall develop their abilities to apply core concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, practical living studies, and vocational studies to what they will encounter throughout their lives.
2.4. Science: Students use the concept of scale and scientific models to explain the organization and functioning of living and nonliving things and predict other characteristics that might be observed.
KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1
SC-08-2.3. The Earth and the Universe: The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on earth in many ways. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur.
SC-08-2.3.4. Earth/Space Science: Students will understand that the Sun, Earth, and the rest of the solar system formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago.