MS.4. Earth and Space Science: Describe the Earth's System in terms of its position to objects in the universe, structure and composition, climate, and renewable and nonrenewable resources.
4.f. Describe the hierarchical structure (stars, clusters, galaxies, galactic clusters) of the universe and examine the expanding universe to include its age and history and the modern techniques (e.g., radio, infrared, ultraviolet and X-ray astronomy) used to measure objects and distances in the universe). (DOK 2)