11-12.C.1. Nature of Science: Students exercise the basic tenets of scientific investigation, make accurate observations, exercise critical thinking skills, apply proper scientific instruments of investigation and measurement tools, and communicate results in problem solving. Students evaluate the validity of information by utilizing the tools of scientific thinking and investigation. Students summarize their findings by creating lab reports using technical writing including graphs, charts, and diagrams to communicate the results of investigations.
11-12.C.1.2. Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanation
11-12.C.1.2.4 Distinguish the common theories defining acids and bases.
11-12.C.2. Physical Science: Students explain the structure and properties of atoms, including isotopes. Students explain how chemical reactions, while requiring or releasing energy, can neither destroy nor create energy or matter. Students explain the differences between fission and fusion. Students explain the interactions of force and mass in describing motion using Newton's Laws. Students explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another while the total amount of energy remains constant. Students classify energy as potential and/or kinetic, and as energy contained in a field.
11-12.C.2.1. Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions
11-12.C.2.1.5 Explain the relationship and reactions of acids, bases, and salts.