An action that results in something else happening is called the cause. The result of an action is called the effect. In real-life order, the cause happens first. Read More...
The resources above cover the following skills:
Reading Standards for Informational Text
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison; cause and effect; first, second, third in a sequence). [RI.3.8]