Maryland College and Career-Ready Standards
MD.W. Standards for Writing (W)
Text Types and Purposes
W1.CCR. Anchor Standard: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
4.W1-b. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information – Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
4.W1-b.3. Draft the body to argue an opinion or point of view through effective organization of support (See CCSS W.4.4, W.4.6): Establish the focus of each paragraph with a topic sentence; Organize paragraphs effectively (e.g., list, cause/effect, order of importance); Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why) (CCSS L.4.1a); Form and use prepositional phrases (CCSS L.4.1e).
W2.CCR. Anchor Standard: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
4.W2-b. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly – Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
4.W2-b.3. Draft the body to examine a topic and convey ideas with effectively organized facts, definitions, concrete details, and other information (See CCSS W.4.4, W.4.6): Select appropriate organizational patterns for paragraphs or sections (e.g., list, cause/effect, comparison/contrast, time order); Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why) (CCSS L.4.1a); Form and use prepositional phrases (CCSS L.4.1e); Use commas and quotation marks to punctuate quotations from a text (See CCSS L.4.2b); Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion) (CCSS L.4.3c).
MD.L. Standards for Language (L)
Conventions of Standard English
L1.CCR. Anchor Standard: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
4.L1-e. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking – Form and use prepositional phrases.
4.L1-e.1. Identify and explain the purpose of prepositional phrases.
4.L1-e.2. Compose sentences using prepositional phrases to modify nouns and verbs.
4.L1-e.3. Strengthen writing by revising to include prepositional phrases.
4.L1-e.4. Analyze writing models for the effective use of prepositional phrases.