Colorado Academic Standards (CAS)
CO.5.3. Writing and Composition
5.3.1. The recursive writing process contributes to the creative and unique literary genres for a variety of audiences and purposes. Students can:
5.3.1.a. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences. (CCSS: W.5.3)
5.3.1.a.i. Create personal and fictional narratives with a strong personal voice.
5.3.1.a.ii. Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally. (CCSS: W.5.3a)
5.3.1.a.iii. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations. (CCSS: W.5.3b)
5.3.1.a.iv. Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events. (CCSS: W.5.3c)
5.3.1.a.v. Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely. (CCSS: W.5.3d)
5.3.1.a.vi. Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events. (CCSS: W.5.3e)
5.3.2. The recursive writing process creates stronger informational and persuasive texts for a variety of audiences and purposes. Students can:
5.3.2.a. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. (CCSS: W.5.1)
5.3.2.a.i. Include cause and effect, opinions, and other opposing viewpoints in persuasive writing.
5.3.2.a.ii. Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose. (CCSS: W.5.1a)
5.3.2.a.iii. Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details. (CCSS: W.5.1b)
5.3.2.a.iv. Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically). (CCSS: W.5.1c)
5.3.3. Conventions apply consistently when evaluating written texts. Students can:
5.3.3.c. Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style. (CCSS: L.5.1f)Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (CCSS: W.5.4)
5.3.3.d. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (CCSS: W.5.5)
CO.5.4. Research and Reasoning
5.4.1. High-quality research requires information that is organized and presented with documentation. Students can:
5.4.1.b. Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources. (CCSS: W.5.8)
5.4.1.b.ii. Provide documentation of sources used in a grade-appropriate format.