OH.2. Acquisition of Vocabulary: Students acquire vocabulary through exposure to language-rich situations, such as reading books and other texts and conversing with adults and peers. They use context clues, as well as direct explanations provided by others, to gain new words. They learn to apply word analysis skills to build and extend their own vocabulary. As students progress through the grades, they become more proficient in applying their knowledge of words (origins, parts, relationships, meanings) to acquire specialized vocabulary that aids comprehension.
2.3. Grade Level Indicator: Conceptual Understanding: Infer word meanings through the identification of analogies and other word relationships, including synonyms and antonyms.
2.4. Grade Level Indicator: Conceptual Understanding: Interpret metaphors and similes to understand new uses of words and phrases in text.
2.B. Infer word meaning through identification and analysis of analogies and other word relationships.
OH.5. Literary Text: Students enhance their understanding of the human story by reading literary texts that represent a variety of authors, cultures and eras. They learn to apply the reading process to the various genres of literature, including fables, folk tales, short stories, novels, poetry and drama. They demonstrate their comprehension by describing and discussing the elements of literature (e.g., setting, character and plot), analyzing the author's use of language (e.g., word choice and figurative language), comparing and contrasting texts, inferring theme and meaning and responding to text in critical and creative ways. Strategic readers learn to explain, analyze and critique literary text to achieve deep understanding.
5.7. Grade Level Indicator: Interpret how mood or meaning is conveyed through word choice, figurative language and syntax.
5.G. Explain how figurative language expresses ideas and conveys mood.