A closed syllable is a vowel followed by a consonant. E.g.: car, hat, pig, it, dish. In closed syllables, the vowel usually says its short sound. Open syllables are open because they are not closed by a consonant. E.g.: no, me, hi.
The resources above cover the following skills:
Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. (NCTE)