Coordinates are pairs of numbers used to locate points on a grid or a map. The two numbers in a pair represent the horizontal and vertical positions of a point.

**Cartesian Coordinates:**Also known as rectangular coordinates, consist of two numbers (x, y) that define the position of a point on a two-dimensional plane.**Polar Coordinates:**Use a distance from a fixed point (origin) and an angle measured from a fixed direction (usually the positive x-axis) to specify a point's location.

To plot a point using Cartesian coordinates, start at the origin (0, 0) and move horizontally and vertically based on the values of the coordinates. The first number (x) represents the horizontal movement, and the second number (y) represents the vertical movement.

The two-dimensional plane is divided into four quadrants, labeled I, II, III, and IV, which are formed by the intersection of the x-axis and y-axis. Each quadrant has a unique combination of positive and negative coordinates.

Here are some key points to remember when studying coordinates:

- Understand the meaning and representation of Cartesian and polar coordinates.
- Practice plotting points on a two-dimensional plane using given coordinates.
- Learn the rules for identifying the quadrants in which a point lies based on its coordinates.
- Practice converting between Cartesian and polar coordinates.

Understanding coordinates is essential for various mathematical concepts, including geometry, algebra, and trigonometry. Mastering this topic will provide a strong foundation for further mathematical studies.

Study GuideCoordinates Worksheet/Answer key

Coordinates Worksheet/Answer key

Coordinates Worksheet/Answer key

Coordinates

Geometry (NCTM)

Specify locations and describe spatial relationships using coordinate geometry and other representational systems.

Describe location and movement using common language and geometric vocabulary.

Make and use coordinate systems to specify locations and to describe paths.