A polygon is a closed shape made up of straight-line segments. The segments of a polygon are called sides, and the points where the sides meet are called vertices. The most common types of polygons are triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and so on.

**Triangle:**A polygon with three sides and three angles.**Quadrilateral:**A polygon with four sides and four angles.**Pentagon:**A polygon with five sides and five angles.**Hexagon:**A polygon with six sides and six angles.**Heptagon:**A polygon with seven sides and seven angles.**Octagon:**A polygon with eight sides and eight angles.**Nonagon:**A polygon with nine sides and nine angles.**Decagon:**A polygon with ten sides and ten angles.

Some properties of polygons include:

**Interior Angles:**The sum of the interior angles of a polygon with n sides is given by the formula (n-2) * 180 degrees.**Exterior Angles:**The exterior angle of a polygon is the angle formed between one side of the polygon and the extension of an adjacent side. The sum of the exterior angles of any polygon is always 360 degrees.**Diagonals:**A diagonal of a polygon is a line segment that connects two non-adjacent vertices. The number of diagonals in a polygon can be calculated using the formula n(n-3)/2, where n is the number of sides.

A polygon is called regular if all its sides are of equal length and all its angles are of equal measure. Otherwise, it is called irregular.

When studying polygons, it's important to:

- Understand the definition of a polygon and be able to identify examples of polygons in everyday objects.
- Learn the names and properties of different types of polygons, including the interior and exterior angles, and the number of diagonals.
- Practice identifying regular and irregular polygons and understanding the differences between them.
- Work on solving problems involving the properties of polygons, such as finding the measure of interior or exterior angles, or calculating the number of diagonals in a polygon.

By mastering these concepts, you will develop a strong understanding of polygons and be able to apply your knowledge to solve various math problems.

.Study GuidePatterns Worksheet/Answer key

Patterns Worksheet/Answer key

Patterns Worksheet/Answer key

Patterns Worksheet/Answer keyPatterns and Algebra

Algebra (NCTM)

Understand patterns, relations, and functions.

Describe, extend, and make generalizations about geometric and numeric patterns.

Represent and analyze patterns and functions, using words, tables, and graphs.

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Analyze change in various contexts.

Identify and describe situations with constant or varying rates of change and compare them.

Connections to the Grade 4 Focal Points (NCTM)

Algebra: Students continue identifying, describing, and extending numeric patterns involving all operations and nonnumeric growing or repeating patterns. Through these experiences, they develop an understanding of the use of a rule to describe a sequence of numbers or objects.