U.S. National Standards
N.5. Data Analysis and Probability (NCTM)
5.1. Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them.
5.1.1. Formulate questions, design studies, and collect data about a characteristic shared by two populations or different characteristics within one population.
5.3. Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data.
5.3.3. Use conjectures to formulate new questions and plan new studies to answer them.
5.4. Understand and apply basic concepts of probability
5.4.2. Use proportionality and a basic understanding of probability to make and test conjectures about the results of experiments and simulations.