Real numbers are the set of all rational and irrational numbers. They can be represented on the number line and include positive and negative numbers, as well as zero.

Real numbers can be categorized into different types:

**Natural Numbers (N):**These are the counting numbers (1, 2, 3, ...).**Whole Numbers (W):**These are the natural numbers along with zero (0, 1, 2, 3, ...).**Integers (Z):**These include all the whole numbers and their negatives, along with zero (... -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, ...).**Rational Numbers (Q):**These are numbers that can be expressed as a ratio of two integers, where the denominator is not zero (e.g., 1/2, -3/4, 5).**Irrational Numbers:**These are numbers that cannot be expressed as a ratio of two integers and have non-repeating, non-terminating decimal expansions (e.g., √2, π).

Real numbers can be operated on using the following operations:

**Addition (+)****Subtraction (-)****Multiplication (x or *)****Division (÷ or /)**

Real numbers follow certain properties under the basic operations:

**Commutative Property:**a + b = b + a; a x b = b x a**Associative Property:**(a + b) + c = a + (b + c); (a x b) x c = a x (b x c)**Distributive Property:**a x (b + c) = a x b + a x c**Identity Property:**a + 0 = a; a x 1 = a**Inverse Property:**a + (-a) = 0; a x (1/a) = 1 (for a ≠ 0)

When studying real numbers, it's important to understand the different types of real numbers and their properties. Practice representing real numbers on a number line and performing operations with them. Make sure to review the properties of real numbers and how they apply to addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Additionally, familiarize yourself with rational and irrational numbers, and how they differ from each other.

It can also be helpful to practice solving problems involving real numbers, including simplifying expressions and solving equations. Work on identifying patterns and relationships between different types of real numbers, and how they interact with each other in mathematical operations.

Lastly, don't forget to review the properties of real numbers and how they can be applied to solve problems and simplify mathematical expressions.

Real numbers form the basis of much of mathematics, and having a strong understanding of their properties and operations is crucial for success in various mathematical topics. By mastering the concepts and properties of real numbers, you'll be better equipped to tackle more advanced mathematical concepts and problem-solving tasks.

Study GuideReal numbers Worksheet/Answer key

Real numbers Worksheet/Answer key

Real numbers Worksheet/Answer key

Real numbers Worksheet/Answer keyReal numbers

The Number System

Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.

Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational. Understand informally that every number has a decimal expansion; for rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion which repeats eventually into a rational number. [8-NS1]

Expressions and Equations

Work with radicals and integer exponents.

Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x^2 = p and x^3 = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational. [8-EE2]