In kindergarten math, we start by learning about the numbers 1 to 10. These numbers are the building blocks of early math education and are the foundation for understanding more complex mathematical concepts.

First, students learn to recognize and identify the symbols for each number. They become familiar with the shapes and patterns that make up each numeral.

Students practice counting from 1 to 10, both forwards and backwards. They learn to associate each number with a specific quantity of objects, such as counting out 5 blocks or 8 crayons.

Students learn the concept of one-to-one correspondence, which means matching each object in a set to a number. For example, they learn that when counting a set of apples, each apple is matched to a number as they count.

Students learn the correct order of the numbers 1 to 10 and practice arranging them in sequence.

Students explore different ways to represent each number, such as using tally marks, ten frames, and number words. This helps them understand that numbers can be shown in various forms.

Students are introduced to basic mathematical operations such as addition and subtraction within the context of the numbers 1 to 10. They learn to combine and separate quantities using these numbers.

By mastering the numbers 1 to 10, students build a strong foundation for further mathematical learning and develop important skills that will help them succeed in more advanced math concepts.

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Counting and Cardinality

Know number names and the count sequence.

Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [K-CC1]

Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [K-CC2]

Count to tell the number of objects.

Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [K-CC4]

When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object. [K-CC4a]

Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted. [K-CC4b]

Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger. [K-CC4c]

Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects. [K-CC5]

Compare numbers.

Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [K-CC7]