Potential energy is a fundamental concept in physics that refers to the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition. It is energy that is stored and has the potential to do work in the future. There are several types of potential energy, including gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy, and electric potential energy.

Gravitational potential energy is the energy an object possesses due to its position in a gravitational field. The gravitational potential energy (U) of an object with mass (m) at a height (h) above a reference point is given by the formula:

U = mgh

Where g is the acceleration due to gravity (approximately 9.81 m/s^{2} on the surface of the Earth).

Elastic potential energy is the energy stored in an object when it is stretched or compressed. It is commonly associated with objects such as springs and rubber bands. The elastic potential energy (PE) of a spring with a spring constant (k) and displacement (x) from its equilibrium position is given by the formula:

PE = 0.5 * k * x^{2}

Electric potential energy is the energy associated with the position of charged particles in an electric field. The electric potential energy (U) between two point charges (q_{1} and q_{2}) separated by a distance (r) is given by the formula:

U = k * (q_{1} * q_{2}) / r

Where k is Coulomb's constant (approximately 8.99 x 10^{9} N m^{2}/C^{2}).

Here are some key points to remember about potential energy:

- Potential energy is the energy that an object possesses due to its position or condition.
- Gravitational potential energy depends on the mass of the object, the acceleration due to gravity, and its height above a reference point.
- Elastic potential energy depends on the spring constant and the displacement of the spring from its equilibrium position.
- Electric potential energy depends on the charges of the particles and the distance between them.
- Potential energy can be converted into kinetic energy when the object is in motion.

Understanding potential energy is crucial for understanding the behavior of physical systems and is important in various fields of science and engineering.

.Worksheet/Answer key

Electromagnetism Worksheet/Answer key

Electromagnetism Worksheet/Answer key

Electromagnetism

PHYSICAL SCIENCE (NGSS)

Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.