KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1
SC-08-2.3. The Earth and the Universe: The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on earth in many ways. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur.
SC-08-2.3.1. Earth/Space Science: Students will describe various techniques for estimating geological time (radioactive dating, observing rock sequences, comparing fossils).
KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006
SC-8-BC. Big Idea: Biological Change (Biological Science) - The only thing certain is that everything changes. At the middle school level, students study relationships among populations and ecosystems that contribute to the success or demise of a specific population or species. Students construct basic explanations that can account for the great diversity among organisms. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.5, 2.6)
SC-8-BC-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore the law of superposition and the processes of fossilization in sedimentary rock
SC-8-BC-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that thousands of layers of sedimentary rock provide evidence for the long history of the Earth and the long history of changing life forms whose remains are found in the rocks. More recently deposited rock layers contain fossils that more closely resemble existing species.
SC-8-EU. Big Idea: The Earth and the Universe (Earth/Space Science) - The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on Earth in many ways. Development of conceptual understandings about processes that shape the Earth begin at the elementary level with understanding what Earth materials are and that change occurs. At the middle level, students investigate how these changes occur. An understanding of systems and their interacting components will enable students to evaluate supporting theories of Earth changes. The use of models and observance of patterns to explain common phenomena is essential to building a conceptual foundation and supporting ideas with evidence at all levels. In middle school, students begin to look beyond what can be directly observed as they explore the Earth-sun-moon system, as well as the rest of our solar system, employing the concept of scale within their models. Patterns play an important role as students seek to develop a conceptual understanding of gravity in their world and in the universe. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3)
SC-8-EU-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will research and evaluate the geological dating techniques that were used to determine the accepted age of the Earth