Geography: A student should be able to make and use maps, globes, and graphs to gather, analyze, and report spatial (geographic) information. A student who meets the content standard should:
Use spatial (geographic) tools and technologies to analyze and develop explanations and solutions to geographic problems.
Geography: A student should be able to utilize, analyze, and explain information about the human and physical features of places and regions. A student who meets the content standard should:
Relate how people create similarities and differences among places.
Geography: A student should understand the dynamic and interactive natural forces that shape the earth's environments. A student who meets the content standard should:
Analyze the operation of the earth's physical systems, including ecosystems, climate systems, erosion systems, the water cycle, and tectonics.
Recognize the concepts used in studying environments and recognize the diversity and productivity of different regional environments.
Geography: A student should understand and be able to evaluate how humans and physical environments interact. A student who meets the content standard should:
Understand how resources have been developed and used.
Recognize and assess local, regional, and global patterns of resource use.
Determine the influence of human perceptions on resource utilization and the environment.
Analyze the consequences of human modification of the environment and evaluate the changing landscape.
History: A student should understand that history is a record of human experiences that links the past to the present and the future. A student who meets the content standard should:
Know that cultural elements, including language, literature, the arts, customs, and belief systems, reflect the ideas and attitudes of a specific time and know how the cultural elements influence human interaction.
History: A student should understand historical themes through factual knowledge of time, places, ideas, institutions, cultures, people, and events. A student who meets the content standard should:
Comprehend the forces of change and continuity that shape human history through the following persistent organizing themes:
Human communities and their relationships with climate, subsistence base, resources, geography, and technology.
The origin and impact of ideologies, religions, and institutions upon human societies.