Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.VS. Virginia Studies
Political Growth and Western Expansion: 1781 to the Mid 1800s
VS.6. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of Virginia in the establishment of the new American nation by:
VS.6.a. Explaining why George Washington is called the “Father of our Country” and James Madison is called the “Father of the Constitution”.
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Revolution and the New Nation: 1770s to the Early 1800s
USI.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the challenges faced by the new nation by:
USI.7.c. Describing the major accomplishments of the first five presidents of the United States.
Civil War: 1861 to 1865
USI.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:
USI.9.d. Describing the roles of Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, and Frederick Douglass in events leading to and during the war.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reconstruction: 1865 to 1877
USII.3. The student will apply social science skills to understand the effects of Reconstruction on American life by:
USII.3.c. Describing the legacies of Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, and Frederick Douglass.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
The Modern Era
WHII.11. The student will apply social science skills to understand World War II and its worldwide impact by:
WHII.11.b. Describing the leaders of the war, with emphasis on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Hideki Tojo, and Hirohito.
WHII.12. The student will apply social science skills to understand the conflicts during the second half of the twentieth century by:
WHII.12.d. Examining the political and economic shifts that led to the end of the Cold War, with emphasis on Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Ronald Reagan.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.a. Synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.d. Constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources.
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.1.j. Investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.
VUS.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by:
VUS.6.c. Assessing the political and economic changes that occurred during this period, with emphasis on James Madison and the War of 1812.
VUS.6.d. Analyzing the social and cultural changes during the period, with emphasis on “the age of the common man” (Jacksonian Era).
VUS.6.f. Explaining how Manifest Destiny and President James K. Polk’s policies impacted the nation.
Civil War and Reconstruction
VUS.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and their significance as major turning points in American history by:
VUS.7.a. Describing major events and the roles of key leaders of the Civil War era, with emphasis on Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Frederick Douglass.
VUS.7.b. Evaluating and explaining the significance and development of Abraham Lincoln’s leadership and political statements, including the significance of the Emancipation Proclamation and the principles outlined in the Gettysburg Address.
The United States since World War II
VUS.12. The student will apply social science skills to understand the United States’ foreign policy during the Cold War era by:
VUS.12.d. Analyzing the changing role of the United States in Asia, including Korea, Vietnam, and China.
VUS.12.g. Evaluating and explaining the factors that caused the collapse of communism in Europe and how it changed American foreign policy, including the role of Ronald Reagan.
VUS.14. The student will apply social science skills to understand political and social conditions in the United States during the early twenty-first century by:
VUS.14.c. Evaluating the evolving and changing role of government, including its role in the American economy.