Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Civil War: 1861 to 1865
USI.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes, major events, and effects of the Civil War by:
USI.9.e. Describing critical developments in the war, including the location of major battles.
USI.9.f. Describing the effects of war from the perspectives of Union and Confederate soldiers (including African American soldiers), women, and enslaved African Americans.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
The United States since World War II
USII.9. The student will apply social science skills to understand the key domestic and international issues during the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries by:
USII.9.a. Examining the impact of the Civil Rights Movement, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the changing role of women on all Americans.
VA.SS.WG. World Geography
WG.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
WG.1.b. Using geographic information to determine patterns and trends to understand world regions.
WG.1.f. Explaining indirect cause-and-effect relationships to understand geospatial connections.
WG.3. The student will apply the concept of a region by:
WG.3.a. Explaining how characteristics of regions have led to regional labels.
WG.3.b. Describing how regional landscapes reflect the physical environment and the cultural characteristics of their inhabitants.
WG.3.c. Analyzing how cultural characteristics, including the world’s major languages, ethnicities, and religions, link or divide regions.
WG.4. The student will apply social science skills to evaluate the significance of natural, human, and capital resources by:
WG.4.b. Showing the influence of resources on patterns of economic activity and land use.
WG.5. The student will analyze the characteristics of the regions of the United States and Canada by:
WG.5.b. Describing major physical and environmental features.
WG.17. The student will apply social science skills to analyze the impact of globalization by:
WG.17.b. Describing ways that economic and social interactions change over time.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.1.h. Using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made.
VUS.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand major events in Virginia and United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century by:
VUS.6.g. Evaluating and explaining the multiple causes and compromises leading to the Civil War, including the role of the institution of slavery.
Civil War and Reconstruction
VUS.7. The student will apply social science skills to understand the Civil War and Reconstruction eras and their significance as major turning points in American history by:
VUS.7.c. Evaluating and explaining the impact of the war on Americans, with emphasis on Virginians, African Americans, the common soldier, and the home front.