Washington DC Standards
DC.3-5. Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills
3-5.1. Chronology and Cause and Effect
3-5.1.4. Students summarize the key events of the era they are studying and explain the historical contexts of those events.
DC.5. U.S. History and Geography: Westward Expansion to the Present
5.1. The New Nation's Westward Expansion (1790-1860): Students trace the colonization, immigration, and settlement patterns of the American people from 1789 to the mid-1800s.
5.1.4. Name the states and territories that existed in 1850 and their locations and major geographical features (e.g., mountain ranges, principal rivers, and dominant plant regions). (G)
5.1.5. Demonstrate knowledge of the explorations of the trans-Mississippi West following the Louisiana Purchase (e.g., Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, Sacagawea, Zebulon Pike, and John Fremont). (G)
5.1.7. Describe the experiences of settlers on the overland trails to the West (e.g., location of the routes; purpose of the journeys; the influence of the terrain, rivers, vegetation, and climate; life in the territories at the end of these trails). (G, S, E)
5.1.8. Relate how and when California, Texas, Oregon, and other western lands became part of the U.S., including the significance of the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican- American War. (G, M)
5.1.9. Describe the search for gold in California and how the Gold Rush moved east to places such as Colorado and the Dakotas. (G, S, E)