Arkansas Curriculum Frameworks
AR.SS.C. Civics/Government: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 5-1500 C.E.
C.1.6. Civic and Political Institutions - Students will analyze the impact of origins, structures, and functions of institutions on society and citizens.
Structure and Function
C.1.6.1. Examine origins and purposes of government to 1500 C.E. (e.g., belief systems, Mandate of Heaven, resource allocation, Magna Carta) (D2.Civ.3.6-8).
C.1.6.2. Compare origins, functions, structure, and different forms of executive leadership in systems of government in a variety of civilizations (D2.Civ.5.6-8).
C.1.6.3. Compare structure of government and functions of civilizations in different times and places (e.g., patriarchal, tribe, city-state, nation) (D2.Civ.6, 14.6-8).
C.1.6.4. Compare power, rules, and responsibilities of civil societies in different times and places (D2.Civ.1, 6, 12, 14.6-8).
C.3.6. Processes, Rules, and Laws - Students will analyze the sources and functions of laws as well as the process of making and amending laws.
Processes, Rules, and Laws
C.3.6.3. Explain the development of policies to address public problems in various civilizations over time (D2.Civ.10, 12.6-8).
AR.SS.E. Economics: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 5-1500 C.E.
E.4.6. Economic Decision Making - Students will analyze economic decision making.
E.4.6.1. Examine ways trade-offs have allowed civilizations to get the most out of scarce resources (D2.Eco.2.6-8).
Costs and Benefits
E.4.6.2. Analyze historical developments in various regions across the world to 1500 C.E. using models of economic decision making (e.g., nomadic vs. agrarian, invasions, trade) (D2.Eco.1.6-8).
E.5.6. Exchange and Markets - Students will analyze the exchange of goods and services and the role of producers, consumers, and government in the market place.
E.5.6.1. Analyze ways division of labor and specialization affected the development of civilizations (D2.Eco.6.6-8).
E.6.6. Growth and Stability - Students will evaluate economic growth and stability.
E.6.6.2. Examine roles of early financial institutions on economies in various regions worldwide (D2.Eco.9.6-8).
E.6.6.4. Analyze the economic development of civilizations to 1500 C.E. using data (D2.Eco.11.6-8).
E.6.6.5. Evaluate effects of war and conflict on societies and civilizations to 1500 C.E. using economic factors (D2.Eco.11.6-8).
AR.SS.G. Geography: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 5-1500 C.E.
G.8.6. Geographic Representations - Students will use geographic representations and skills to become geographically-informed citizens.
Spatial Views of the World
G.8.6.1. Analyze locations of various societies and their cultural and environmental characteristics to 1500 C.E. using a variety of geographic representations (D2Geo1, 2.6-8).
G.8.6.2. Explain relationships between physical and human characteristics in various places using a variety of geographic representations (D2.Geo.2.6-8).
G.8.6.3. Synthesize information from a variety of sources to construct maps and other geographic representations to ask and answer compelling questions (D2Geo3.6-8).
G.9.6. Human-Environment Interaction - Students will analyze the interaction between humans and the environment.
Place, Region, and Culture
G.9.6.1. Analyze effects of human-generated changes in the physical environment in various places and regions over time up to 1500 C.E. (D2.Geo.6.6-8).
G.9.6.2. Analyze ways cultural characteristics influenced population distribution in various civilizations up to 1500 C.E. (D2.Geo.6.6-8).
G.9.6.3. Analyze ways climate and environmental characteristics influenced where groups lived and how they adjusted to the environment in various civilizations up to 1500 C.E. (D2.Geo.4.6-8).
G.10.6. Spatial Patterns and Movement - Students will interpret the spatial characteristics and patterns of human settlement.
Resources and Movement
G.10.6.1. Analyze relationships between human settlements and movements and the location and use of natural resources in various regions up to 1500 C.E. (D2.Geo.8.6-8).
G.10.6.2. Analyze effects of environmental and cultural characteristics on the distribution and movement of people, goods, and ideas in various regions of the world using multiple sources of information (e.g., push- pull-factors) (D2.Geo.7.6-8).
G.11.6. Global Interconnections - Students will compare global places and regions and the connections between them.
Changing Spatial Patterns
G.11.6.1. Compare ways spatial patterns of economic activities in a place change over time because of interactions with nearby and distant places (D2.Geo.11.6-8).
G.11.6.2. Analyze cooperation within communities during and after natural and human-made disasters (e.g., disease/plague, famine, weather phenomena, war) (D2.Geo.12.3-5).
AR.SS.H. History: Era 1-Beginnings to Era 5-1500 C.E.
H.13.6. World History Beginnings of Civilization Through 1500 C.E. - Students will analyze key historical periods; patterns of change over time; and ways people view, construct, and interpret the history of nations and cultures of the world.
Era 2: Early Civilizations 4000-1000 B.C.E.
H.13.6.3. Analyze early river valley civilizations to determine similarities and differences, using a variety of sources (e.g., artifacts, Epic of Gilgamesh, hieroglyphics, oracle bones) (D2.His.1, 2, 3, 13.6-8; D3.1.6-8).
H.13.6.4. Construct arguments about characteristics necessary for a civilization using multiple sources (e.g., writing systems, government, religion, specialization of labor, technology, economic systems, education) (D2.His.2, 3, 16.6-8).
H.13.6.5. Compare characteristics, contributions, and achievements of early river valley civilizations (D2.His.1, 2, 3.6-8):
H.13.6.6. Identify social and cultural effects of militarization and the emergence of new kingdoms on early civilizations (e.g., chariot transport, warfare, invaders) (D2.His.1, 2, 3, 14, 15.6-8).
AR.RH.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.