Virginia Standards of Learning
VA.SS.USI. United States History to 1865
Revolution and the New Nation: 1770s to the Early 1800s
USI.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand the causes and results of the American Revolution by:
USI.6.c. Describing key events and the roles of key individuals in the American Revolution, with emphasis on George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and the Marquis de Lafayette.
Expansion and Reform: 1801 to 1861
USI.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by:
USI.8.d. Describing the impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam locomotive, on life in America.
VA.SS.USII. United States History: 1865 to the Present
Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s
USII.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand how life changed after the Civil War by:
USII.4.d. Explaining the impact of new inventions, the rise of big business, the growth of industry, and the changes to life on American farms in response to industrialization.
Turmoil and Change: 1890s to 1945
USII.6. The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by:
USII.6.a. Explaining how developments in factory and labor productivity, transportation (including the use of the automobile), communication, and rural electrification changed American life and standard of living.
VA.SS.WHII. World History and Geography: 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the Present
WHII.2. The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, cultural, geographic, and economic conditions in the world about 1500 A.D. (C.E.) by:
WHII.2.e. Citing major technological and scientific exchanges in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Emergence of a Global Age, 1500 to 1800 A.D. (C.E.)
WHII.3. The student will apply social science skills to understand the Reformation in terms of its impact on Western civilization by:
WHII.3.c. Describing how the Reformation led to changing cultural values, traditions, and philosophies, and assessing the role of the printing press.
WHII.4. The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the European Age of Exploration by:
WHII.4.e. Defining and describing how the Scientific Revolution led to social and technological changes that influenced the European view of the world.
VA.SS.VUS. Virginia and United States History
VUS.1. The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by:
VUS.1.e. Comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.f. Explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history.
VUS.1.g. Analyzing multiple connections across time and place.
VUS.8. The student will apply social science skills to understand how the nation grew and changed from the end of Reconstruction through the early twentieth century by:
VUS.8.a. Explaining the westward movement of the population in the United States, with emphasis on the role of the railroads, communication systems, admission of new states to the Union, and the impact on American Indians.
VUS.8.b. Analyzing the factors that transformed the American economy from agrarian to industrial and explaining how major inventions transformed life in the United States, including the emergence of leisure activities.