Describe the world in spatial terms using maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies.
Explaining the use of map essentials, including type, projections, scale, legend, distance, direction, grid, and symbols.
Categorizing the geographic organization of people, places, and environments using spatial models.
Determine how regions are used to describe the organization of Earth’s surface.
Identifying physical and human features used as criteria for mapping formal, functional, and perceptual regions.
Compare geographic patterns in the environment that result from processes within the atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere of Earth’s physical systems.
Comparing Earth-Sun relationships regarding seasons, fall hurricanes, monsoon rainfalls, and tornadoes.
Explain how human systems develop in response to physical environmental conditions.
Identifying types, locations, and characteristics of natural hazards, including earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and mudslides.
Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of Grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the Grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.