New York Standards
NY.3. Geography: Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we live - local, national, and global - including the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earth's surface.
3.1. Geography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. (Adapted from The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life).
3.1.1. Students map information about people, places, and environments.
3.1.2. Students understand the characteristics, functions, and applications of maps, globes, aerial and other photographs, satellite-produced images, and models (Taken from National Geography Standards, 1994).
3.1.3. Students investigate why people and places are located where they are located and what patterns can be perceived in these locations.
3.2. Geography requires the development and application of the skills of asking and answering geographic questions; analyzing theories of geography; and acquiring, organizing, and analyzing geographic information. (Adapted from The National Geography Standards, 1994: Geography for Life).
3.2.2. Students use a number of research skills (e.g., computer databases, periodicals, census reports, maps, standard reference works, interviews, surveys) to locate and gather geographical information about issues and problems (Adapted from National Geography Standards, 1994).
3.2.3. Students present geographic information in a variety of formats, including maps, tables, graphs, charts, diagrams, and computer-generated models.
3.2.4. Students interpret geographic information by synthesizing data and developing conclusions and generalizations about geographic issues and problems.
NY.CC.6-8.RH. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
6-8.RH.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
6-8.RH.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.