Describe the world in spatial terms using maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies.
Explaining the use of map essentials, including type, projections, scale, legend, distance, direction, grid, and symbols.
Identifying geospatial technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
Utilizing maps to explain relationships and environments among people and places, including trade patterns, governmental alliances, and immigration patterns.
Applying mental maps to answer geographic questions, including how experiences and cultures influence perceptions and decisions.
Categorizing the geographic organization of people, places, and environments using spatial models.
Determine how regions are used to describe the organization of Earth’s surface.
Identifying physical and human features used as criteria for mapping formal, functional, and perceptual regions.
Interpreting processes and reasons for regional change, including land use, urban growth, population, natural disasters, and trade.
Evaluate spatial patterns and the demographic structure of population on Earth’s surface in terms of density, dispersion, growth and mortality rates, natural increase, and doubling time.
Predicting reasons and consequences of migration, including push and pull factors.
Explain how human actions modify the physical environment within and between places, including how human-induced changes affect the environment.
Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
By the end of Grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the Grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.