New York State Learning Standards and Core Curriculum
NY.RH.5-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.5-8.4. Determine the meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.5-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.5-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 5-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
NY.7P. Grade 7: Social Studies Practices
7P.A. Gathering, Interpreting, and Using Evidence
7P.A.1. Define and frame questions about the United States that can be answered by gathering, interpreting, and using evidence.
7P.A.5. Make inferences and draw general conclusions from evidence.
7P.B. Chronological Reasoning
7P.B.3. Identify causes and effects, using examples from current events, grade-level content, and historical events.
7P.B.4. Identify and analyze the relationship between multiple causes and multiple effects.
7P.B.5. Distinguish between long-term and immediate causes and effects of an event from current events or history.
NY.7. History of the United States and New York State I
7.3. AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE: Growing tensions over political power and economic issues sparked a movement for independence from Great Britain. New York played a critical role in the course and outcome of the American Revolution. (Standards: 1, 4, 5; Themes: TCC, GOV, ECO)
7.3b. Stemming from the French and Indian War, the British government enacted and attempted to enforce new political and economic policies in the colonies. These policies triggered varied colonial responses, including protests and dissent.
7.3b.3. Students will compare British and colonial patriot portrayals of the Boston Massacre, using historical evidence.
7.3b.5. Students will examine the events at Lexington and Concord as the triggering events for the Revolutionary War.
7.3c. Influenced by Enlightenment ideas and their rights as Englishmen, American colonial leaders outlined their grievances against British policies and actions in the Declaration of Independence.
7.3c.2. Students will examine the Declaration of Independence and the arguments for independence stated within it.
7.3d. The outcome of the American Revolution was influenced by military strategies, geographic considerations, the involvement of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) and other Native American groups in the war, and aid from other nations. The Treaty of Paris (1783) established the terms of peace.
7.3d.2. Students will examine the strategic importance of the New York colony. Students will examine the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga in terms of its effects on American and British morale and on European views on American prospects for victory in the Revolution.