Dividing is the process of splitting a number into equal parts. When we divide one number by another, we are essentially finding out how many times the second number can fit into the first number.

**Dividend:**The number being divided.**Divisor:**The number by which the dividend is being divided.**Quotient:**The result of dividing the dividend by the divisor.**Remainder:**The amount left over when the dividend is not perfectly divisible by the divisor.

Let's take an example: 12 ÷ 3

In this case, 12 is the dividend and 3 is the divisor. The quotient is 4 because 3 can fit into 12 four times without any remainder.

The long division method is a way to perform division when the numbers are large or the division is not straightforward. It involves several steps of division, multiplication, and subtraction.

Here are some key points to remember when learning about division:

- Understand the basic division terminology (dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder).
- Practice simple division problems to gain fluency.
- Learn the long division method for tackling larger division problems.
- Practice dividing numbers with and without remainders.

Remember, practice is key when it comes to mastering division. The more you practice, the more comfortable you'll become with dividing numbers.

.Study GuideDivision Activity Lesson

Flag Making Worksheet/Answer key

Division Worksheet/Answer key

Division Worksheet/Answer key

Division Worksheet/Answer keyMultiplication and Division Worksheet/Answer keyDivision Worksheet/Answer keyMultiplication and Division

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another.

Understand various meanings of multiplication and division.

Understand the effects of multiplying and dividing whole numbers.

Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates.

Develop fluency with basic number combinations for multiplication and division and use these combinations to mentally compute related problems, such as 30 x 50.

Develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers.

Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 3 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations and Algebra: Developing understandings of multiplication and division and strategies for basic multiplication facts and related division facts

Students understand the meanings of multiplication and division of whole numbers through the use of representations (e.g., equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, and equal 'jumps' on number lines for multiplication, and successive subtraction, partitioning, and sharing for division). They use properties of addition and multiplication (e.g., commutativity, associativity, and the distributive property) to multiply whole numbers and apply increasingly sophisticated strategies based on these properties to solve multiplication and division problems involving basic facts. By comparing a variety of solution strategies, students relate multiplication and division as inverse operations.