Multiplication is the process of combining groups of numbers to find a total or product.

- Traditional Method: Multiply each digit of one number by each digit of the other number and then add the results together.
- Lattice Method: Use a grid to organize the multiplication process.
- Array Method: Use visual representations to understand the concept of multiplication.

- Place value: Understand the value of digits based on their position in a number.
- Carrying over: When multiplying digits in different place values, carry over the extra value to the next place value.
- Properties of Multiplication: Understand the commutative and associative properties of multiplication.

Practice these concepts with multiplication worksheets and exercises to improve your skills.

Study GuideMore Multiplication Activity LessonMultiplication Stars Worksheet/Answer key

More Multiplication Worksheet/Answer key

More Multiplication Worksheet/Answer key

More Multiplication

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates.

Develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers.

Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 4 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations and Algebra: Developing quick recall of multiplication facts and related division facts and fluency with whole number multiplication

Students use understandings of multiplication to develop quick recall of the basic multiplication facts and related division facts. They apply their understanding of models for multiplication (i.e., equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal intervals on the number line), place value, and properties of operations (in particular, the distributive property) as they develop, discuss, and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to multiply multi-digit whole numbers. They select appropriate methods and apply them accurately to estimate products or calculate them mentally, depending on the context and numbers involved. They develop fluency with efficient procedures, including the standard algorithm, for multiplying whole numbers, understand why the procedures work (on the basis of place value and properties of operations), and use them to solve problems.