- Minuend: The number from which another number is to be subtracted.
- Subtrahend: The number that is to be subtracted from the minuend.
- Difference: The result of a subtraction operation.

7 - 3 = 4

In this example, 7 is the minuend, 3 is the subtrahend, and 4 is the difference.- Using a number line
- Counting back
- Using base-ten blocks
- Using mental math

- Practice subtraction with different strategies to find the one that works best for you.
- Use real-life examples to practice subtraction, such as calculating change or measuring ingredients for a recipe.
- Review subtraction facts regularly to build fluency.
- Challenge yourself with word problems that involve subtraction.

Study GuideMore Multiplication Activity LessonMultiplication Stars Worksheet/Answer key

More Multiplication Worksheet/Answer key

More Multiplication Worksheet/Answer key

More Multiplication

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates.

Develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers.

Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 4 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations and Algebra: Developing quick recall of multiplication facts and related division facts and fluency with whole number multiplication

Students use understandings of multiplication to develop quick recall of the basic multiplication facts and related division facts. They apply their understanding of models for multiplication (i.e., equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal intervals on the number line), place value, and properties of operations (in particular, the distributive property) as they develop, discuss, and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to multiply multi-digit whole numbers. They select appropriate methods and apply them accurately to estimate products or calculate them mentally, depending on the context and numbers involved. They develop fluency with efficient procedures, including the standard algorithm, for multiplying whole numbers, understand why the procedures work (on the basis of place value and properties of operations), and use them to solve problems.