Multi-step word problems are mathematical problems that require more than one step to solve. They often involve a combination of addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division. Solving multi-step word problems requires careful reading, critical thinking, and the application of multiple math skills.

**Read the problem carefully:**Understand what the problem is asking and identify the key information provided.**Identify the operations:**Determine which mathematical operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) are needed to solve the problem.**Set up equations:**Write down the equations or expressions that represent the different steps or actions in the problem.**Solve step by step:**Perform the operations in the correct order to solve the problem.**Check your answer:**Make sure your solution makes sense in the context of the problem and double-check your calculations.

Tommy bought 3 packs of markers for $2.50 each and 4 packs of colored pencils for $1.75 each. He also bought a sketchbook for $5.00. How much did he spend in total?

**Read the problem:**Tommy bought markers and colored pencils, and a sketchbook, and we need to find the total cost.**Identify the operations:**We need to multiply the cost of each item by the quantity and then add all the costs together.**Set up equations:**Total cost = (3 packs of markers * $2.50) + (4 packs of colored pencils * $1.75) + $5.00**Solve step by step:**Total cost = (3 * $2.50) + (4 * $1.75) + $5.00 = $7.50 + $7.00 + $5.00 = $19.50**Check your answer:**Tommy spent $19.50 in total, which makes sense based on the prices of the items.

To effectively solve multi-step word problems, it's important to:

- Practice reading and understanding word problems carefully.
- Identify the key information and the operations needed to solve the problem.
- Break the problem down into smaller steps and set up the equations or expressions accordingly.
- Focus on solving each step accurately and in the correct order.
- Double-check your solution and ensure it makes sense in the context of the problem.

Remember to practice solving various multi-step word problems to strengthen your problem-solving skills!

Study GuideMulti-step Word Problems Worksheet/Answer key

Multi-step Word Problems Worksheet/Answer key

Multi-step Word Problems Worksheet/Answer key

Multi-step Word Problems Worksheet/Answer keyPumpkin Pictograph - Halloween

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates.

Develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers.

Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.

Algebra (NCTM)

Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols.

Express mathematical relationships using equations.

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 4 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations and Algebra: Developing quick recall of multiplication facts and related division facts and fluency with whole number multiplication

Students use understandings of multiplication to develop quick recall of the basic multiplication facts and related division facts. They apply their understanding of models for multiplication (i.e., equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal intervals on the number line), place value, and properties of operations (in particular, the distributive property) as they develop, discuss, and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to multiply multi-digit whole numbers. They select appropriate methods and apply them accurately to estimate products or calculate them mentally, depending on the context and numbers involved. They develop fluency with efficient procedures, including the standard algorithm, for multiplying whole numbers, understand why the procedures work (on the basis of place value and properties of operations), and use them to solve problems.