Rounding is the process of approximating a number to a certain place value. This can make numbers easier to work with and understand in certain situations.

To round a number to the nearest tens place, look at the digit in the ones place. If it is 1-4, round down; if it is 5-9, round up. Replace the ones and all digits to the right with zeroes.

For example: 73 rounded to the nearest tens is 70, and 78 rounded to the nearest tens is 80.

To round a number to the nearest hundreds place, look at the digit in the tens place. If it is 1-4, round down; if it is 5-9, round up. Replace the tens and all digits to the right with zeroes.

For example: 743 rounded to the nearest hundreds is 700, and 789 rounded to the nearest hundreds is 800.

To round a number to the nearest thousands place, look at the digit in the hundreds place. If it is 1-4, round down; if it is 5-9, round up. Replace the hundreds and all digits to the right with zeroes.

For example: 7,432 rounded to the nearest thousands is 7,000, and 7,889 rounded to the nearest thousands is 8,000.

Rounding decimals follows the same principles as rounding whole numbers. Identify the place value to which you want to round and then determine if you need to round up or down based on the digit to the right of that place value.

For example: 3.45 rounded to the nearest tenth is 3.5, and 6.78 rounded to the nearest whole number is 7.

Rounding numbers helps simplify calculations and understand the approximate value of a number. It is important to understand the place value you are rounding to and the rules for rounding up or down based on the digit to the right of that place value.

.Study GuideRounding Numbers Activity LessonRounding to the Nearest 10 Activity LessonRounding to the Nearest Whole Number Worksheet/Answer key

Rounding Numbers Worksheet/Answer key

Rounding Numbers Worksheet/Answer key

Rounding Numbers Vocabulary/Answer keyRounding Numbers

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Understand the place-value structure of the base-ten number system and be able to represent and compare whole numbers and decimals.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.