Equality is a fundamental concept in mathematics that refers to the idea that two quantities are the same or have the same value. In mathematical expressions, the symbol "=" is used to denote equality. When two quantities are equal, they can be replaced with each other in an equation without changing the truth of the equation.

There are several types of equality that are commonly used in mathematics:

**Numerical Equality:**This type of equality involves comparing two numerical values to determine if they are the same, such as 5 = 5.**Variable Equality:**In algebra, variables are often used to represent unknown quantities. Variable equality involves determining if two expressions involving variables are equivalent, such as x + 3 = 7.**Set Equality:**In set theory, equality is used to compare sets to see if they contain the same elements, such as {1, 2, 3} = {3, 2, 1}.

When working with equality, it's important to keep in mind the following properties:

**Reflexive Property:**For any quantity a, a = a.**Symmetric Property:**If a = b, then b = a.**Transitive Property:**If a = b and b = c, then a = c.**Addition Property of Equality:**If a = b, then a + c = b + c.**Subtraction Property of Equality:**If a = b, then a - c = b - c.**Multiplication Property of Equality:**If a = b, then a * c = b * c (where c is not 0).**Division Property of Equality:**If a = b, then a / c = b / c (where c is not 0).

When solving equations, the goal is to find the value of the variable that makes the equation true. Here are some examples:

- Solve for x: 2x + 5 = 11
- Solve for y: 3y - 7 = 10
- Solve for z: 4z/2 = 6

To master the concept of equality, it's important to practice solving equations and understanding the properties of equality. Here are some key steps to follow:

- Understand the meaning of equality and the different types of equality used in mathematics.
- Familiarize yourself with the properties of equality and how they can be used to manipulate equations.
- Practice solving equations involving numerical and variable equality.
- Work on problems involving set equality and understand how to determine if two sets are equal.
- Review the steps for solving equations and apply them to different types of problems.

By following these steps and practicing regularly, you can gain a solid understanding of equality and become proficient in solving equations.

Study GuideNumbers and percents Worksheet/Answer key

Numbers and percents Worksheet/Answer key

Numbers and percents Worksheet/Answer key

Numbers and percents

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Work flexibly with fractions, decimals, and percents to solve problems.

Understand and use ratios and proportions to represent quantitative relationships.

Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates.

Develop, analyze, and explain methods for solving problems involving proportions, such as scaling and finding equivalent ratios.