Force is a push or pull upon an object resulting from the object's interaction with another object. It is a vector quantity, which means it has both magnitude and direction.

**Gravity:**The force that attracts objects towards each other. It gives weight to objects and is responsible for keeping planets in orbit around the sun.**Friction:**The force that opposes the motion of one object moving past another. It can be static, sliding, rolling, or fluid friction.**Applied Force:**A force that is applied to an object by a person or another object.**Normal Force:**The force exerted by a surface to support the weight of an object resting on it.**Tension Force:**The force that is transmitted through a string, rope, cable, or wire when it is pulled tight by forces acting from opposite ends.**Spring Force:**The force exerted by a compressed or stretched spring upon any object that is attached to it.**Magnetic Force:**The force exerted by magnets on each other.**Electrostatic Force:**The force between electrically charged objects like electrons and protons.

These laws describe the relationship between an object and the forces acting on it.

**First Law (Law of Inertia):**An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion will stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.**Second Law (Law of Acceleration):**The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass. F = ma**Third Law (Action-Reaction):**For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

The standard unit of force is the newton (N), named after Sir Isaac Newton. One newton is equal to the force required to accelerate a one kilogram mass by one meter per second squared.

The formula to calculate force is F = ma, where F is the force, m is the mass of the object, and a is the acceleration.

- Understand the different types of forces and their effects on objects.
- Be familiar with Newton's laws of motion and how they apply to real-life situations.
- Practice calculating force using the formula F = ma.
- Use diagrams and real-world examples to visualize the concept of force.
- Review and understand the units of force and how they are used in calculations.

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EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE