DE.6. Life Processes
6.2. Matter and Energy Transformations
Enduring Understanding: All organisms transfer matter and convert energy from one form to another. Both matter and energy are necessary to build and maintain structures within the organism.
6.2.C. Most living things use sugar (from food) and oxygen to release the energy needed to carry out life processes (cellular respiration). Other materials from food are used for building and repairing cell parts. (Level: Important)
DE.7. Diversity and Continuity of Living Things
7.1. Reproduction, Heredity and Development
Enduring Understanding: Organisms reproduce, develop, have predictable life cycles, and pass on heritable traits to their offspring.
7.1.F. Chromosomes are found in the nucleus of the cell and contain genes that are made of DNA. Inherited traits of individuals are controlled by genes. (Level: Essential)
7.1.H. In humans, gender is determined by a pair of sex chromosomes. Females possess two X chromosomes; males an X and a Y chromosome. The sex of an embryo is determined by the sex chromosome found in the sperm cell. (Level: Important)