National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies (NCSS)
TIME, CONTINUITY, AND CHANGE
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF THE PAST AND ITS LEGACY.
KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
The study of the past is the story of communities, nations, and the world.
Key concepts such as: past, present, future, similarity, difference, and change.
Key people, events, and places associated with the history of the community, nation, and world.
That people view and interpret historical events differently because of the times in which they live, the experiences they have, and the point of view they hold.
That historical events occurred in times that differed from our own, but often have lasting consequences for the present and future.
PROCESSES - Learners will be able to:
Ask and find answers to questions related to the past in school, community, state and regional contexts.
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT AND IDENTITY
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT AND IDENTITY.
PRODUCTS - Learners demonstrate understanding by:
Studying important people in the community and nation, at the present time or in the past, to list qualities that make them special.
National Center for History in Schools (NCHS)
Historical Thinking Standards
Identify the temporal structure of a historical narrative or story.
Explain change and continuity over time.
Identify the central question(s) the historical narrative addresses.
Historical Analysis and Interpretation
Formulate questions to focus their inquiry or analysis.
Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas, values, personalities, behaviors, and institutions.
Compare different stories about a historical figure, era, or event.
Challenge arguments of historical inevitability.
Historical Research Capabilities
Formulate historical questions.
Historical Issues-Analysis and Decision-Making
Identify problems and dilemmas in the past.