National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies (NCSS)
TIME, CONTINUITY, AND CHANGE
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF THE PAST AND ITS LEGACY.
KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
Key people, events, and places associated with the history of the community, nation, and world.
PROCESSES - Learners will be able to:
Ask and find answers to questions related to the past in school, community, state and regional contexts.
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT AND IDENTITY
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT AND IDENTITY.
PRODUCTS - Learners demonstrate understanding by:
Studying important people in the community and nation, at the present time or in the past, to list qualities that make them special.
CIVIC IDEALS AND PRACTICES
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF THE IDEALS, PRINCIPLES, AND PRACTICES OF CITIZENSHIP IN A DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC.
KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
Democratic ideals and practices are often represented in excerpts from contemporary and historical sources, quotations, and stories.
National Standards for Civics and Government (NSCG)
What are the Basic Values and Principles of American Democracy? What are the most important values and principles of American democracy?
Fundamental values and principles: Students should be able to explain the importance of the fundamental values and principles of American democracy. To achieve this standard, students should be able to
Identify fundamental values and principles as they are expressed in the Declaration of Independence, Preamble to the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights, Pledge of Allegiance, speeches, songs, and stories
What are the Basic Values and Principles of American Democracy? Why is it important for Americans to share certain values, principles, and beliefs?
American identity: Students should be able to explain the importance of Americans sharing and supporting certain values, principles, and beliefs. To achieve this standard, students should be able to
Identify basic documents that set forth shared values, principles, and beliefs, e.g., Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution and Bill of Rights, Pledge of Allegiance
Describe holidays Americans celebrate and explain how they reflect their shared values, principles, and beliefs, e.g., the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Memorial Day, Presidents’ Day, Columbus Day, Thanksgiving, Veterans Day, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Birthday
National Center for History in Schools (NCHS)
Historical Thinking Standards
Historical Analysis and Interpretation
Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas, values, personalities, behaviors, and institutions.
Compare different stories about a historical figure, era, or event.
Topic 3: The History of the United States: Democratic Principles and Values and the People from Many Cultures Who Contributed to Its Cultural, Economic, and Political Heritage
How democratic values came to be, and how they have been exemplified by people, events, and symbols.
Demonstrate understanding of how the United States government was formed and of the nation's basic democratic principles set forth in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
The student understands historic figures who have exemplified values and principles of American democracy.
The student understands events that celebrate and exemplify fundamental values and principles of American democracy.
Topic 4: The History of Peoples of Many Cultures Around the World
Major discoveries in science and technology, their social and economic effects, and the scientists and inventors responsible for them.
The student understands the development of technological innovations, the major scientists and inventors associated with them and their social and economic effects.