UT.IV. United States Studies: Students will understand that the 19th century was a time of incredible change for the United States, including geographic expansion, constitutional crisis, and economic growth.
IV.B. As the United States expanded westward, major issues, some of them from the first years of the nation, began to challenge the stability of the nation. As the nation expanded, issues of states rights, the institution of slavery, and economic development culminated in a Civil War. This war formally ended slavery and strengthened the power of the Federal government. The era after the Civil War was a time of major economic development and technological innovation.
IV.4: Understand the impact of major economic forces at work in the post-Civil War.
IV.4.a. Assess how the free-market system in the United States serves as an engine of change and innovation.
IV.4.b. Describe the wide-ranging impact of the Industrial Revolution (e.g. inventions, industries, innovations).