5.4. Geography Skills: Students use geography skills to analyze and interpret maps and explain how physical geography influences historical events.
5.4.1. Differentiate between various types of maps using characteristics, functions, and applications
5.4.2. Analyze a map using a variety of tools
5.1. Historical Thinking Skills: Students use historical thinking skills to examine the influence of key people, ideas, and events from pre-Columbian civilizations through the early colonial period.
5.1.4. Produce clear and coherent writing for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences by:
5.1.4.a. Conducting historical research
5.1.4.b. Evaluating a broad variety of primary and secondary sources
5.1.4.c. Comparing and contrasting varied points of view
5.1.4.d. Determining the meaning of words and phrases from historical texts