National Curriculum Standards for Social Studies (NCSS)
TIME, CONTINUITY, AND CHANGE
SOCIAL STUDIES PROGRAMS SHOULD INCLUDE EXPERIENCES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE STUDY OF THE PAST AND ITS LEGACY.
KNOWLEDGE - Learners will understand:
Concepts such as: chronology, causality, change, conflict, complexity, multiple perspectives, primary and secondary sources, and cause and effect.
National Center for History in Schools (NCHS)
Historical Thinking Standards
Reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage.
Historical Analysis and Interpretation
Analyze cause-and-effect relationships and multiple causation, including the importance of the individual, the influence of ideas.
United States History Content Standards
Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
How various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed.
The student understands the Reconstruction programs to transform social relations in the South.
The student understands the successes and failures of Reconstruction in the South, North, and West.
Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)
The rise of the American labor movement and how political issues reflected social and economic changes.
The student understands how Americans grappled with social, economic, and political issues.