National Standards for Civics and Government (NSCG)
What are the foundations of the American political system? What are the distinctive characteristics of American society?
Distinctive characteristics of American society. Students should be able to identify and explain the importance of historical experience and geographic, social, and economic factors that have helped to shape American society. To achieve this standard, students should be able to
Explain important factors that have helped shape American society
Large scale immigration
How does the government established by the constitution embody the purposes, values, and principles of American democracy? What does the national government do?
Major responsibilities for domestic and foreign policy. Students should be able to explain the major responsibilities of the national government for domestic and foreign policy. To achieve this standard, students should be able to
Identify historical and contemporary examples of important foreign policies, e.g., Monroe Doctrine, Marshall Plan, immigration acts, foreign aid, arms control, promoting democracy and human rights throughout the world
National Content Standards in Economics (NCSE)
Students will understand that institutions evolve and are created to help individuals and groups accomplish their goals. Banks, labor unions, markets, corporations, legal systems, and not-for-profit organizations are examples of important institutions. A different kind of institution, clearly defined and enforced property rights, is essential to a market economy. Students will be able to use this knowledge to describe the roles of various economic institutions and explain the importance of property rights in a market economy.
At the completion of Grade 8, students will use this knowledge to:
Read about the establishment of a labor union and explain why it emerged, how it influenced the U.S. economy, and what procedures it used to gain benefits for its members and workers in general.
National Center for History in Schools (NCHS)
Historical Thinking Standards
Reconstruct the literal meaning of a historical passage.
United States History Content Standards
Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)
How the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed the lives of Americans and led toward regional tensions.
The student understands how the factory system and the transportation and market revolutions shaped regional patterns of economic development.
The student understands the first era of American urbanization.
Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)
How the rise of corporations, heavy industry, and mechanized farming transformed the American people.
The student understands the connections among industrialization, the advent of the modern corporation, and material well-being.
The student understands the rapid growth of cities and how urban life changed.
Massive immigration after 1870 and how new social patterns, conflicts, and ideas of national unity developed amid growing cultural diversity.
The student understands the sources and experiences of the new immigrants.
The student understands how new cultural movements at different social levels affected American life.
The rise of the American labor movement and how political issues reflected social and economic changes.
The student understands how the "second industrial revolution" changed the nature and conditions of work.
The student understands the rise of national labor unions and the role of state and federal governments in labor conflicts.
The student understands how Americans grappled with social, economic, and political issues.
Era 7: The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)
How Progressives and others addressed problems of industrial capitalism, urbanization, and political corruption.
The student understands the origin of the Progressives and the coalitions they formed to deal with issues at the local and state levels.
World History Content Standards
Era 7: An Age of Revolutions, 1750-1914
The causes and consequences of the agricultural and industrial revolutions, 1700-1850.
The student understands the early industrialization and the importance of developments in England.
The student understands how industrial economies expanded and societies experienced transformations in Europe and the Atlantic basin.
Patterns of nationalism, state-building, and social reform in Europe and the Americas, 1830-1914.
The student understands the political, economic, and social transformations in the Americas in the 19th century.
Patterns of global change in the era of Western military and economic domination, 1800-1914.
The student understands connections between major developments in science and technology and the growth of industrial economy and society.
The student understands the causes and consequences of European settler colonization in the 19th century.
Major global trends from 1750-1914.
The student understands major global trends from 1750 to 1914.
Era 8: A Half-Century of Crisis and Achievement, 1900-1945
Reform, revolution, and social change in the world economy of the early century.
The student understands the world industrial economy emerging in the early 20th century.