New York State Learning Standards and Core Curriculum
NY.RH.5-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.5-8.4. Determine the meanings of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.5-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.5-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 5-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
NY.8P. Grade 8: Social Studies Practices
8P.A. Gathering, Interpreting, and Using Evidence
8P.A.1. Define and frame questions about the United States and answer them by gathering, interpreting, and using evidence.
8P.B. Chronological Reasoning
8P.B.4. Identify, analyze, and evaluate the relationship between multiple causes and effects.
8P.B.5. Distinguish between long-term and immediate causes and effects of an event from current events or history.
8P.D. Geographic Reasoning
8P.D.2. Distinguish human activities and human-made features from “environments” (natural events or physical features—land, air, and water—that are not directly made by humans) and describe the relationship between human activities and the environment.
NY.8. History of the United States and New York State II
8.6. WORLD WAR II: The aggression of the Axis powers threatened United States security and led to its entry into World War II. The nature and consequences of warfare during World War II transformed the United States and the global community. The damage from total warfare and atrocities such as the Holocaust led to a call for international efforts to protect human rights and prevent future wars. (Standards: 1, 2, 3; Themes: TCC, GOV, TECH, EXCH)
8.6c. The nature and consequences of warfare during World War II transformed the United States and the global community. The damage from total warfare and human atrocities, including the Holocaust, led to a call for an international organization to prevent future wars and the protection of human rights.
8.6c.3. Students will examine the structure and work of the United Nations.
8.7. FOREIGN POLICY: The period after World War II has been characterized by an ideological and political struggle, first between the United States and communism during the Cold War, then between the United States and forces of instability in the Middle East. Increased economic interdependence and competition, as well as environmental concerns, are challenges faced by the United States. (Standards: 1, 2, 4, 5; Themes: TCC, GEO, ECO, EXCH)
8.7c. Following the end of the Cold War, the United States sought to define a new role in global affairs, but the legacies of Cold War actions continue to affect United States foreign policy today.
8.7c.1. Students will examine the changing relationships between the United States and foreign countries such as:
8.7c.1.b. Afghanistan beginning in the 1980s
8.7d. Terrorist groups not representing any nation entered and reshaped global military and political alliances and conflicts. American foreign and domestic policies responded to terrorism in a variety of ways.
8.7d.1. Students will examine the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, its effects on national security and the United States responses to it, including the USA Patriot Act, the formation of the Department of Homeland Security, the War on Terror, and military attacks on suspected terrorist locations.