Word problems are mathematical exercises presented in the form of a story or scenario. They require students to apply their understanding of mathematical concepts to real-life situations.

**Read the problem:**Understand the scenario and identify the key information given.**Identify the question:**Determine what the problem is asking you to solve.**Translate into a mathematical equation:**Use the given information to set up an equation or inequality.**Solve the equation:**Apply the appropriate mathematical operations to find the solution.**Check your answer:**Ensure that the solution makes sense in the context of the problem.

Word problems can cover a wide range of mathematical topics, including:

- Basic arithmetic (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division)
- Ratio and proportion
- Percentages
- Algebraic equations
- Geometry

**Underline key information:**Mark important numbers and details in the problem statement.**Use diagrams or visual aids:**For geometry or spatial reasoning problems, sketching a diagram can help clarify the situation.**Work systematically:**Break down the problem into smaller steps and solve methodically.**Translate words into math:**Pay attention to keywords such as "sum," "difference," "product," and "quotient" to understand which operation to use.

Here are some sample word problems for practice:

- Sara has 3 times as many apples as Tom. If Tom has 5 apples, how many apples do they have in total?
- A rectangle has a length of 8 cm and a width of 5 cm. What is the area of the rectangle?
- If 30% of a number is 45, what is the number?

Word problems are a practical application of mathematical concepts and require critical thinking skills to solve. By practicing regularly and understanding the key steps, students can become proficient in solving word problems across various mathematical topics.

Study GuideIntroduction to Percent Worksheet/Answer key

Introduction to Percent Worksheet/Answer key

Introduction to Percent Worksheet/Answer key

Introduction to Percent Worksheet/Answer keyIntroduction to Percent

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Work flexibly with fractions, decimals, and percents to solve problems.

Develop meaning for percents greater than 100 and less than 1.

Grade 7 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations and Algebra and Geometry: Developing an understanding of and applying proportionality, including similarity

Students extend their work with ratios to develop an understanding of proportionality that they apply to solve single and multi-step problems in numerous contexts. They use ratio and proportionality to solve a wide variety of percent problems, including problems involving discounts, interest, taxes, tips, and percent increase or decrease. They also solve problems about similar objects (including figures) by using scale factors that relate corresponding lengths of the objects or by using the fact that relationships of lengths within an object are preserved in similar objects. Students graph proportional relationships and identify the unit rate as the slope of the related line. They distinguish proportional relationships (y/x = k, or y = kx) from other relationships, including inverse proportionality (xy = k, or y = k/x).

Number and Operations and Algebra: Developing an understanding of operations on all rational numbers and solving linear equations

Students extend understandings of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, together with their properties, to all rational numbers, including negative integers. By applying properties of arithmetic and considering negative numbers in everyday contexts (e.g., situations of owing money or measuring elevations above and below sea level), students explain why the rules for adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing with negative numbers make sense. They use the arithmetic of rational numbers as they formulate and solve linear equations in one variable and use these equations to solve problems. Students make strategic choices of procedures to solve linear equations in one variable and implement them efficiently, understanding that when they use the properties of equality to express an equation in a new way, solutions that they obtain for the new equation also solve the original equation.

Connections to the Grade 7 Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations: In grade 4, students used equivalent fractions to determine the decimal representations of fractions that they could represent with terminating decimals. Students now use division to express any fraction as a decimal, including fractions that they must represent with infinite decimals. They find this method useful when working with proportions, especially those involving percents. Students connect their work with dividing fractions to solving equations of the form ax = b, where a and b are fractions. Students continue to develop their understanding of multiplication and division and the structure of numbers by determining if a counting number greater than 1 is a prime, and if it is not, by factoring it into a product of primes.