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Plot Features Fifth Grade English Language Arts
Text Features Fifth Grade English Language Arts
Pronouns Seventh Grade English Language Arts
Literary Devices Fifth Grade English Language Arts
Author's Purpose/Point of View Fifth Grade English Language Arts
Summarize Fifth Grade English Language Arts

Maryland Standards for Sixth Grade English Language Arts

MD.1.0. General Reading Processes

1.C. Students will read orally with accuracy and expression at a rate that sounds like speech.

1.C.1. Read orally at an appropriate rate
1.C.1.a. Read familiar text at a rate that is conversational and consistent
1.C.2. Read grade-level text with both high accuracy and appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression
1.C.2.a. Apply knowledge of word structures and patterns to read with automaticity
1.C.2.b. Demonstrate appropriate use of phrasing
1.C.2.b.2. Use punctuation cues to guide meaning and expression
1.C.2.c. Increase sight words read fluently

1.D. Students will use a variety of strategies and opportunities to understand word meaning and to increase vocabulary.

1.D.1. Develop and apply vocabulary through exposure to a variety of texts
1.D.1.a. Acquire new vocabulary through listening to, independently reading, and discussing a variety of literary and informational texts
1.D.1.b. Discuss words and word meanings daily as they are encountered in text, instruction, and conversation
1.D.2. Apply a conceptual understanding of new words
1.D.2.b. Explain relationships between and among words
1.D.3. Understand, acquire, and use new vocabulary
1.D.3.a. Use context to determine the meanings of words
1.D.3.b. Use word structure to determine the meaning of words
1.D.3.c. Use resources to confirm definitions and gather further information about words
1.D.3.d. Use new vocabulary in speaking and writing to gain and extend content knowledge and clarify expression

1.E. Students will use a variety of strategies to understand what they read (construct meaning).

1.E.1. Develop and apply comprehension skills through exposure to a variety of print and non-print texts, including traditional print and electronic texts
1.E.1.a. Listen to critically, read, and discuss texts representing diversity in content, culture, authorship, and perspective, including areas such as race, gender, disability, religion, and socio-economic background
1.E.2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
1.E.2.b. Set a purpose for reading the text
1.E.2.c. Make predictions and ask questions about the text
1.E.2.d. Make connections to the text from prior knowledge and experiences
1.E.3. Use strategies to make meaning from text (during reading)
1.E.3.a. Reread the difficult parts slowly and carefully
1.E.3.b. Use own words to restate the difficult part
1.E.3.c. Read on and revisit the difficult part
1.E.3.d. Skim the text to search for connections between and among ideas
1.E.3.e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions
1.E.3.f. Periodically summarize while reading
1.E.3.g. Periodically paraphrase important ideas or information
1.E.3.j. Explain personal connections to the ideas or information in the text
1.E.4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
1.E.4.a. Identify and explain the main idea
1.E.4.b. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text
1.E.4.c. Identify and explain what is not directly stated in the text by drawing inferences
1.E.4.d. Draw conclusions or make generalizations about the text
1.E.4.e. Confirm, refute, or make predictions and form new ideas
1.E.4.f. Paraphrase the main idea
1.E.4.g. Summarize
1.E.4.h. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experience

MD.2.0. Comprehension of Informational Text

2.A.1. Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned print and non-print informational texts, including electronic media

2.A.1.a. Read, use, and identify the characteristics of nonfiction materials such as textbooks, appropriate reference materials, research and historical documents, personal narratives, diaries, and journals, biographies, newspapers, letters, articles, web sites and other online materials, other appropriate content-specific texts to gain information and content knowledge
2.A.1.c. Select and read to gain information from personal interest materials such as brochures, books, magazines, cookbooks, catalogs, and web sites

2.A.2. Identify and use text features to facilitate understanding of informational texts

2.A.2.a. Use print features such as large bold print, font size/type, italics, colored print, quotation marks, underlining, and other appropriate content-specific texts
2.A.2.b. Use graphic aids such as illustrations and pictures, photographs, drawings, sketches, cartoons, maps (key, scale, legend, graphs, charts/tables, and diagrams, other graphic aids encountered in informational texts
2.A.2.c. Use informational aids such as introductions and overviews, materials lists, timelines, captions, glossed words, labels, numbered steps, bulleted lists, footnoted words, pronunciation key, transition words, end notes, works cited, other informational aids encountered in informational texts
2.A.2.d. Use organizational aids such as titles, chapter titles, headings, subheadings, tables of contents, numbered steps, glossaries, indices, transition words, other organizational aids encountered in organizational texts
2.A.2.f. Identify and explain the contributions of text features to support the main idea of the text

2.A.3. Develop and apply knowledge of organizational structure of informational text to facilitate understanding

2.A.3.a. Identify and analyze the organizational patterns of texts such as sequential and/or chronological order, cause/effect, problem/solution, similarities/differences, description, main idea and supporting details, transition or signal words and phrases that indicate the organizational pattern
2.A.3.b. Explain how the organizational pattern clarifies and reinforces meaning and supports the author's/text's purpose

2.A.4. Determine and analyze important ideas and messages in informational texts

2.A.4.a. Identify and explain the author's/text's purpose and intended audience
2.A.4.b. Identify and explain the author's opinion
2.A.4.c. State and support main ideas and messages
2.A.4.d. Summarize or paraphrase
2.A.4.e. Identify and explain information not related to the main idea
2.A.4.f. Explain relationships between and among ideas such as comparison/contrast, cause/effect, sequence/chronology
2.A.4.g. Synthesize ideas from text
2.A.4.h. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion
2.A.4.i. Explain how someone might use the text
2.A.4.j. Connect the text to prior knowledge or experience

2.A.5. Analyze purposeful use of language

2.A.5.b. Analyze specific language choices that create tone
2.A.5.c. Analyze the effect of repetition of words and phrases on meaning

2.A.6. Read critically to evaluate informational text

2.A.6.a. Explain whether the text fulfills the reading purpose
2.A.6.b. Analyze changes or additions to the structure and text features that would make the text easier to understand
2.A.6.d. Determine and explain whether or not the author's argument or position is presented fairly
2.A.6.e. Identify and explain information not included in the text

MD.3.0. Comprehension of Literary Text

3.A.1. Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading and analyzing a variety of self-selected and assigned literary texts including print and non-print

3.A.1.a. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary texts representing diverse cultures, perspectives, ethnicities, and time periods
3.A.1.b. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary forms and genres

3.A.2. Analyze text features to facilitate understanding of literary texts

3.A.2.a. Identify and explain how organizational aids such as the title of the book, story, poem, or play, titles of chapters, subtitles, subheadings contribute to meaning
3.A.2.b. Identify and explain how graphic aids such as pictures and illustrations, punctuation, print features contribute to meaning
3.A.2.c. Identify and explain how informational aids such as introductions and overviews, materials lists, timelines, captions, glossed words, labels, numbered steps, bulleted lists, footnoted words, pronunciation keys, transition words, end notes, works cited, other information aids encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning
3.A.2.d. Identify and explain how print features such as large bold print, font size/type, italics, colored print, quotation marks, underlining, other print features encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning

3.A.3. Analyze elements of narrative texts to facilitate understanding and interpretation

3.A.3.a. Identify and distinguish among types of narrative texts such as short stories, folklore, realistic fiction, science fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, essays, biographies, autobiographies, personal narratives, plays, poetry
3.A.3.b. Analyze the events of the plot
3.A.3.c. Analyze details that provide information about the setting, the mood created by the setting, and ways in which the setting affects characters
3.A.3.d. Analyze characterization
3.A.3.e. Analyze relationships between and among characters, setting, and events
3.A.3.f. Identify and explain how the actions of the character(s) affect the plot
3.A.3.g. Analyze internal and/or external conflicts that motivate characters and those that advance the plot
3.A.3.h. Identify and explain the author's approach to issues of time in a narrative

3.A.4. Analyze elements of poetry to facilitate understanding and interpretation

3.A.4.a. Use structural features to distinguish among types of poems such as haiku, form/shape poetry, cinquain, etc.
3.A.4.b. Identify and explain the meaning of words, lines, and stanzas
3.A.4.c. Identify and explain how sound elements of poetry contribute to meaning
3.A.4.d. Identify and explain other poetic elements such as setting, mood, tone, etc., that contribute to meaning

3.A.5. Analyze elements of drama to facilitate understanding

3.A.5.a. Use structural features to distinguish among types of plays
3.A.5.b. Identify and explain the action of scenes and acts
3.A.5.c. Identify and explain how stage directions create character and movement
3.A.5.d. Identify and explain stage directions and dialogue that help to create character

3.A.6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts

3.A.6.a. Analyze main ideas and universal themes
3.A.6.b. Analyze similar themes across multiple texts
3.A.6.d. Summarize
3.A.6.e. Identify and explain personal connections to the text

3.A.7. Analyze the author's purposeful use of language

3.A.7.b. Analyze words and phrases that create tone
3.A.7.c. Identify and explain figurative language that contributes to meaning
3.A.7.e. Analyze how repetition and exaggeration contribute to meaning

3.A.8. Read critically to evaluate literary texts

3.A.8.a. Determine and explain the plausibility of the characters' actions and the plot
3.A.8.b. Identify and explain questions left unanswered by the text
3.A.8.c. Identify and explain the relationship between a literary text and its historical and/or social context
3.A.8.d. Identify and explain the relationship between the structure and the purpose of the text

MD.4.0. Writing

4.A.2. Compose oral, written, and visual presentations that express personal ideas, inform, and persuade

4.A.2.b. Describe in prose and/or poetic forms to clarify, extend, or elaborate on ideas by using vivid language such as imagery, figurative language, and sound elements
4.A.2.c. Compose to inform using relevant support and a variety of appropriate organizational structures and signal words within a paragraph
4.A.2.d. Compose to persuade by supporting, modifying, or disagreeing with a position, using effective rhetorical strategies
4.A.2.d.1. Support, modify, or disagree with a position and generate convincing evidence to support it
4.A.2.d.4. Use authoritative citations

4.A.3. Compose texts using the revising and editing strategies of effective writers and speakers

4.A.3.a. Revise texts for clarity, completeness, and effectiveness
4.A.3.a.2. Clarify meaning through the placement of antecedents, modifiers, connectors, and transitional devices
4.A.3.a.5. Maintain consistent person, number and tense

4.A.4. Identify how language choices in writing and speaking affect thoughts and feelings

4.A.4.a. Use precise word choice, formal to informal, based on audience, situation, or purpose
4.A.4.b. Consider the connotative and/or denotative meanings of words when selecting vocabulary

4.A.5. Assess the effectiveness of choice of details, organizational pattern, word choice, syntax, use of figurative language, and rhetorical devices in the student's own composing

4.A.5.c. Evaluate the use of transitions in a text

4.A.7. Locate, retrieve and use information from various sources to accomplish a purpose

4.A.7.c. Use appropriate note taking procedures, organizational strategies, and proper documentation of sources of information
4.A.7.c.2. Appropriate strategies for organizing source information or notes
4.A.7.c.3. Information to include or exclude when using a note taking method
4.A.7.c.4. Advantages, disadvantages, or limitations of a given strategy or procedure for recording or organizing information
4.A.7.d. Synthesize information from two or more sources to fulfill a self-selected or given purpose
4.A.7.e. Use a recognized format to credit sources when paraphrasing, summarizing, and quoting to avoid plagiarism

MD.5.0. Controlling Language

5.A.1. Recognize elements of grammar in personal and academic reading

5.A.2. Recognize, recall, and use grammar concepts and skills to strengthen control of oral and written language

5.A.2.a. Recognize the meaning, position, form, and function of words when identifying grammatical concepts such as indefinite pronouns, perfect verb tenses, conjunctive adverbs, and correlative conjunctions
5.A.2.b. Combine sentences using knowledge of subjects and predicates, logical placement of modifiers, and logical coordination, subordination, and sequencing of ideas
5.A.2.d. Compose simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences using independent and dependent clauses, transitions, conjunctions, and appropriate punctuation to connect ideas

5.B.1. Recognize examples of conventional USAge in personal and academic reading

5.B.2. Comprehend and apply standard English USAge in oral and written language

5.B.2.a. Apply appropriate subject/verb agreement such as with collective nouns, indefinite pronouns, and inverted word order
5.B.2.b. Apply consistent and appropriate use of the principal parts of regular and irregular verbs; person, number, and case of pronouns; pronoun/antecedent agreement; and degrees of comparison of modifiers
5.B.2.c. Recognize and correct common USAge errors such as misplaced modifiers; incorrect use of verbs; double negatives; and commonly confused words such as accept - except

5.C.1. Explain and justify the purpose of mechanics to make and clarify meaning in academic and personal reading and writing

5.C.2. Apply standard English punctuation and capitalization in written language

5.C.2.a. Use commas and semicolons correctly such as in a compound sentence
5.C.2.b. Use parentheses and dashes correctly
5.C.2.c. Use appropriate punctuation for special formats such as e-mails, bulleted lists, letters, memos, citations, and outlines
5.C.2.d. Use a colon to introduce a list

5.D.1. Recognize conventional spelling in and through personal and academic reading

5.D.2. Apply conventional spelling in written language

5.D.2.a. Use conventional spelling in personal writing
5.D.2.b. Develop self-monitoring strategies for frequently misspelled words

5.D.3. Maintain a personal list of words to use in editing original writing

MD.6.0. Listening

6.A.2. Apply comprehension and literary analysis strategies and skills for a variety of listening purposes and settings

6.A.2.c. Determine speaker's attitude through verbal and non-verbal cues such as tone of voice, inflections, body language, facial expressions

MD.7.0. Speaking

7.A.1. Demonstrate appropriate organizational strategies and delivery techniques to plan for a variety of oral presentation purposes

7.A.1.a. Identify the purpose, audience, and setting for a presentation
7.A.1.b. Identify the needs and perspectives of the audience
7.A.1.c. Select and plan for appropriate use of visual aids
7.A.1.d. Select the topic of an oral presentation
7.A.1.f. Identify and use a variety of organization structures such as narrative, cause and effect, chronological order, description, main idea and detail, problem/solution, question/answer, comparison and contrast

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