Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks for Sixth Grade English Language Arts

Analogies
What is an Analogy? An analogy is a comparison of two different things that have something particular in common. An analogy is a comparison based on a similarity. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Cause and Effect
FreeCause and effect is a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or others. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Different Genres
Define characteristics of difference genres. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Grammar/Spelling
FreePlural Nouns. Plural words are words that mean MORE than one of something. Possessive Nouns. Possessive nouns show ownership. Homonyms. Homonyms are words that sound the same but have different meanings. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words I
High frequency words are words that you may come across frequently when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words II
HIGH FREQUENCY WORDS II. Words that you may see often when reading are called high frequency words. As a 6th grader, you should be familiar with how to pronounce and spell the following high frequency words. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Interpret Text
Interpret texts from a variety of genres. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Literary Techniques
Recognize symbolism, alliteration, flashback, and foreshadowing. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Making Predictions
What is a Prediction? A prediction is an educated guess about what is going to happen NEXT in the story. When making a prediction: Use hints and clues the author includes in the story. Ask yourself: Does my prediction make sense? Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Prefix/Suffix
A prefix is a group of letters added to the beginning of a root word or another prefix. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Punctuation
What is punctuation? The marks, such as full stop, comma, and brackets, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Punctuation for Comprehension
Use knowledge of punctuation to assist in comprehension. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify type of sentences. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Syllables/Spelling Patterns
What is a Syllable? A syllable is a single sound heard when saying a word out loud. All words have at least one syllable. What are Spelling Patterns? Selling patterns are a pair or group of letters that can be found in many words: bead, meat, read, lead, bread, dead, head, instead, great, break. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Text Features
A map is a visual representation of a section of land. A map has several features to help readers interpret information: compass, index, scale, symbols, legend. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Title/Author of Well Known Literature
Titles and authors of well known literature. Read more...iWorksheets: 3

MA.CCRA.R. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading

Key Ideas and Details

CCRA.R.1. Read closely to determine what a text states explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from a text.
Implied Information
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
An inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
What are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
A conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
What is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CCRA.R.2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Main Idea
The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea of a paragraph, story, article, or other written text is the main theme, subject, or topic of that writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.R.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
Plot Features
Many genres of literature have particular plot features. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary Elements
Setting, plot, character, rhythm and rhyme. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
What is Main Idea? The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea is the subject or main topic of the text. What is Plot? The author plans out a specific sequence of events in the story from start to finish. This specific plan is known as the PLOT of the story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

CCRA.R.4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Figurative Language
FreeLiteral language uses words exactly according to their conventionally accepted meanings. Figurative use of language is the use of words or phrases that implies a non-literal meaning which does make sense. When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.R.5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of a text relate to each other and the whole.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
FreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CCRA.R.6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
Author's Purpose/Point of View
An author writes for many reasons, such as to inform, to entertain, or to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose/Point of View
Author’s purpose answers the question: Why did the author write this text? An author always has a purpose for writing. Authors may write: to inform, to entertain, to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose
The Author's Purpose is the reason that the author wrote the piece. If the author's purpose is to inform, he/she plans to teach the reader. If the author's purpose is to entertain, he/she plans to amuse the reader. If the author's purpose is to persuade, he/she plans to convince the reader to believe his/her point of view. If the author's purpose is to create a mood, he/she plans to use much description to stir emotions in the reader. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

CCRA.R.7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse formats and media, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Reading Graphics
What Is a Graphic? A visual aid that helps the reader understand information more easily is known as a graphic. Examples: Graphs-circle graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, picture graphs, Time lines, Illustrations, Photographs, Charts, Diagrams, Political cartoons, Maps. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.R.8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.R.9. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.CCRA.W. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing

Text Types and Purposes

CCRA.W.1. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CCRA.W.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
CCRA.W.3. Write narratives to develop experiences or events using effective literary techniques, well-chosen details, and well-structured sequences.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3

Production and Distribution of Writing

CCRA.W.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

CCRA.W.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
CCRA.W.8. When conducting research, gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CCRA.W.9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, interpretation, reflection, and research.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3

Range of Writing

CCRA.W.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.CCRA.SL. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening

Comprehension and Collaboration

CCRA.SL.2. Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Reading Graphics
What Is a Graphic? A visual aid that helps the reader understand information more easily is known as a graphic. Examples: Graphs-circle graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, picture graphs, Time lines, Illustrations, Photographs, Charts, Diagrams, Political cartoons, Maps. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

CCRA.SL.4. Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that:
CCRA.SL.4.b. The organization, development, vocabulary, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.SL.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.CCRA.L. College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language

Conventions of Standard English

CCRA.L.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Grammar
Subject and verb agreement and other grammar skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Capitalization
The following categories of words should always be capitalized: The Pronoun "I", First Words of Sentences, Names and Titles of People, Family Relationships, Geographical Names, Parks, Mountains, Areas of the United States, Organizations, Teams, Companies, Schools, Awards, Religions. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Punctuation
What Are Punctuation Marks? Punctuation marks are symbols to help readers understand how to read sentences. Examples: Period-ending marks, abbreviations; Question mark-ending marks; Exclamation point-ending marks; Comma-separating items or words, direct address, dates. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Usage
What Is Usage? The way in which the English language is used is known as usage. To speak and write our language properly, certain rules must be followed. Examples: a and an: Use a before a word that starts with a consonant sound and an before a word that has a vowel sound (a cartoon, an orangutan). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.L.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Grammar
Subject and verb agreement and other grammar skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Capitalization
The following categories of words should always be capitalized: The Pronoun "I", First Words of Sentences, Names and Titles of People, Family Relationships, Geographical Names, Parks, Mountains, Areas of the United States, Organizations, Teams, Companies, Schools, Awards, Religions. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Punctuation
What Are Punctuation Marks? Punctuation marks are symbols to help readers understand how to read sentences. Examples: Period-ending marks, abbreviations; Question mark-ending marks; Exclamation point-ending marks; Comma-separating items or words, direct address, dates. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Usage
What Is Usage? The way in which the English language is used is known as usage. To speak and write our language properly, certain rules must be followed. Examples: a and an: Use a before a word that starts with a consonant sound and an before a word that has a vowel sound (a cartoon, an orangutan). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

CCRA.L.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.
Context Clues
Context clues are clues found in a text that may help you figure out the definition of a word that you do not know. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
Your vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Decoding Strategies
Analogy, word structure, syntax, and semantics. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context Clues
The five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Dictionary Skills
A dictionary is a useful tool in the study of words. Words are listed alphabetically in a dictionary so that they are easy to find. We look up words in a dictionary to find out about the word, including how to use it, what it means, and other important attributes of the word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.L.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
Figurative Language
FreeLiteral language uses words exactly according to their conventionally accepted meanings. Figurative use of language is the use of words or phrases that implies a non-literal meaning which does make sense. When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CCRA.L.6. Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge.
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3

MA.RCA-H.6-8. Grades 6–8 Reading Standards for Literacy in the Content Areas: History/Social Studies [RCA-H]

Key Ideas and Details

RCA-H.6-8.1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, quoting or paraphrasing as appropriate. (See grades 6–8 Writing Standard 8 for more on paraphrasing.)
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RCA-H.6-8.2. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Fact/Opinion/Exaggeration
Recognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
Cause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Fact/Opinion
FreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing Info
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RCA-H.6-8.3. Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered).
Genre Characteristics
A genre is a particular type of literature: Poetry, Drama, Letters, Advertisements, Historical Fiction, Biographies, Autobiographies. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

RCA-H.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
RCA-H.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally), including how written texts incorporate features such as headings.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
FreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
RCA-H.6-8.6. Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author’s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts).
Author's Purpose/Point of View
An author writes for many reasons, such as to inform, to entertain, or to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose/Point of View
Author’s purpose answers the question: Why did the author write this text? An author always has a purpose for writing. Authors may write: to inform, to entertain, to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose
The Author's Purpose is the reason that the author wrote the piece. If the author's purpose is to inform, he/she plans to teach the reader. If the author's purpose is to entertain, he/she plans to amuse the reader. If the author's purpose is to persuade, he/she plans to convince the reader to believe his/her point of view. If the author's purpose is to create a mood, he/she plans to use much description to stir emotions in the reader. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RCA-H.6-8.7. Integrate visual information (e.g., charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Reading Graphics
What Is a Graphic? A visual aid that helps the reader understand information more easily is known as a graphic. Examples: Graphs-circle graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, picture graphs, Time lines, Illustrations, Photographs, Charts, Diagrams, Political cartoons, Maps. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RCA-H.6-8.8. Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.
Fact/Opinion/Exaggeration
Recognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
Cause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Fact/Opinion
FreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing Info
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RCA-H.6-8.10. Independently and proficiently read and comprehend history/social studies texts exhibiting complexity appropriate for the grade/course.
Reading Process
What Is the Reading Process? The steps a student follows in reading effectively are called the reading process. The step in the reading process when a student looks over the selection is. Certain genres of literature need to be read more than once. This step in the reading process is called rereading. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.RCA-ST.6-8. Grades 6–8 Reading Standards for Literacy in the Content Areas: Science and Career and Technical Subjects [RCA-ST]

Key Ideas and Details

RCA-ST.6-8.1. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, quoting or paraphrasing as appropriate. (See grades 6–8 Writing Standard 8 for more on quoting and paraphrasing.)
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RCA-ST.6-8.2. Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Fact/Opinion/Exaggeration
Recognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
Cause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea of a paragraph, story, article, or other written text is the main theme, subject, or topic of that writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Fact/Opinion
FreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing Info
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

RCA-ST.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of general academic vocabulary as well as symbols, notation, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6–8 texts and topics.
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
RCA-ST.6-8.5. Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the topic.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
FreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
RCA-ST.6-8.6. Analyze an author’s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text.
Author's Purpose/Point of View
An author writes for many reasons, such as to inform, to entertain, or to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose/Point of View
Author’s purpose answers the question: Why did the author write this text? An author always has a purpose for writing. Authors may write: to inform, to entertain, to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose
The Author's Purpose is the reason that the author wrote the piece. If the author's purpose is to inform, he/she plans to teach the reader. If the author's purpose is to entertain, he/she plans to amuse the reader. If the author's purpose is to persuade, he/she plans to convince the reader to believe his/her point of view. If the author's purpose is to create a mood, he/she plans to use much description to stir emotions in the reader. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RCA-ST.6-8.8. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text.
Fact/Opinion/Exaggeration
Recognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
Cause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Fact/Opinion
FreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing Info
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RCA-ST.6-8.10. Independently and proficiently read and comprehend science/technical texts exhibiting complexity appropriate for the grade/course.
Reading Process
What Is the Reading Process? The steps a student follows in reading effectively are called the reading process. The step in the reading process when a student looks over the selection is. Certain genres of literature need to be read more than once. This step in the reading process is called rereading. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.WCA.6-8. Grades 6–8 Writing Standards for Literacy in the Content Areas [WCA]

Text Types and Purposes

WCA.6-8.1. Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
WCA.6-8.1.a. Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims/critiques, and organize the reasons and evidence logically in paragraphs and sections.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
WCA.6-8.1.b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
WCA.6-8.1.c. Use words, phrases, and clauses with precision to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims/critiques, reasons, and evidence.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
WCA.6-8.2. Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
WCA.6-8.2.a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; use paragraphs and sections to organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include text features (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Extraneous Detail
What are Extraneous Details? Extraneous details are details that are irrelevant to the main idea of a paragraph. Extraneous details are details that are not necessary to include in a paragraph because they are not related to the theme of a paragraph. Extraneous details should not be included in your writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
WCA.6-8.2.c. Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas, concepts, or procedures.
Signal/Transitional Words
Signal words show emphasis, addition, comparison or contrast, illustration, and cause and effect. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sequencing
What is Sequence? SEQUENCE = order. A sequence of events is the order in which events occurs. If you are telling a story about an incident that took place, it is important to tell the correct sequence of events so people understand the story. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
WCA.6-8.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.
Supporting/Concluding Sentences
Supporting sentences support the main idea of the paragraph. These sentences follow a topic sentence in a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Production and Distribution of Writing

WCA.6-8.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

WCA.6-8.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
WCA.6-8.8. When conducting research, gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
WCA.6-8.9. Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, interpretation, reflection, and research. (See grades 6–8 Reading Standard 1 for more on the use of textual evidence.)
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Range of Writing

WCA.6-8.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Personal Experience
Use information from other subject areas and personal experience to express opinions and judgments. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.SLCA.6-8. Grades 6–8 Speaking and Listening Standards for Literacy in the Content Areas [SLCA]

Comprehension and Collaboration

SLCA.6-8.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on discipline-specific topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
SLCA.6-8.1.d. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented.
Personal Experience
Use information from other subject areas and personal experience to express opinions and judgments. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

SLCA.6-8.4. Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate vocabulary, eye contact, volume, and pronunciation.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SLCA.6-8.5. Integrate multimedia components and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SLCA.6-8.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.RL.6. Grade 6 Reading Standards for Literature [RL]

Key Ideas and Details

RL.6.1. Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what a text states explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, quoting or paraphrasing as appropriate. (See grade 6 Writing Standard 8 for more on quoting and paraphrasing.)
Implied Information
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
An inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
What are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
A conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
What is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
RL.6.2. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of a text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Fact/Opinion/Exaggeration
Recognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
Cause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea of a paragraph, story, article, or other written text is the main theme, subject, or topic of that writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Fact/Opinion
FreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing Info
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RL.6.3. Describe how the plot of a particular story, poem, or drama unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.
Plot Features
Many genres of literature have particular plot features. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary Elements
Setting, plot, character, rhythm and rhyme. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
What is Main Idea? The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea is the subject or main topic of the text. What is Plot? The author plans out a specific sequence of events in the story from start to finish. This specific plan is known as the PLOT of the story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

RL.6.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices, including those that create repeated sounds and rhythms in poetry, on meaning, tone (i.e., author’s attitude toward subject or audience), or mood (i.e., emotional atmosphere). (See grade 6 Language Standards 4–6 on applying knowledge of vocabulary to reading.)
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Figurative Language
FreeLiteral language uses words exactly according to their conventionally accepted meanings. Figurative use of language is the use of words or phrases that implies a non-literal meaning which does make sense. When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RL.6.5. Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
FreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RL.6.10. Independently and proficiently read and comprehend literary texts representing a variety of genres, cultures, and perspectives and exhibiting complexity appropriate for at least grade 6.
Identify Perspectives
Perspective is how the characters view and process what’s happening within the story. A particular perspective is a particular way of thinking about something, especially one that is influenced by your beliefs or experiences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Reading Process
What Is the Reading Process? The steps a student follows in reading effectively are called the reading process. The step in the reading process when a student looks over the selection is. Certain genres of literature need to be read more than once. This step in the reading process is called rereading. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.RI.6. Grade 6 Reading Standards for Informational Text [RI]

Key Ideas and Details

RI.6.1. Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what a text states explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, quoting or paraphrasing as appropriate. (See grade 6 Writing Standard 8 for more on quoting and paraphrasing.)
Implied Information
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
An inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
What are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
A conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
What is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.6.2. Determine a text’s central idea(s) and how particular details help convey the idea(s); provide a summary of a text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Fact/Opinion/Exaggeration
Recognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
Cause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea of a paragraph, story, article, or other written text is the main theme, subject, or topic of that writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Fact/Opinion
FreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing Info
Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.6.3. Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes).
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

RI.6.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; explain how word choice affects meaning and tone. (See grade 6 Language Standards 4–6 on applying knowledge of vocabulary to reading.)
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.6.5. Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, section, or text feature (e.g., heading) fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
FreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
RI.6.6. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text.
Author's Purpose/Point of View
An author writes for many reasons, such as to inform, to entertain, or to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose/Point of View
Author’s purpose answers the question: Why did the author write this text? An author always has a purpose for writing. Authors may write: to inform, to entertain, to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose
The Author's Purpose is the reason that the author wrote the piece. If the author's purpose is to inform, he/she plans to teach the reader. If the author's purpose is to entertain, he/she plans to amuse the reader. If the author's purpose is to persuade, he/she plans to convince the reader to believe his/her point of view. If the author's purpose is to create a mood, he/she plans to use much description to stir emotions in the reader. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RI.6.7. Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, maps) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue.
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
RI.6.8. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.6.9. Compare and contrast one author’s presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person).
Genre Characteristics
A genre is a particular type of literature: Poetry, Drama, Letters, Advertisements, Historical Fiction, Biographies, Autobiographies. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RI.6.10. Independently and proficiently read and comprehend literary nonfiction representing a variety of genres, cultures, and perspectives and exhibiting complexity appropriate for at least grade 6.
Reading Process
What Is the Reading Process? The steps a student follows in reading effectively are called the reading process. The step in the reading process when a student looks over the selection is. Certain genres of literature need to be read more than once. This step in the reading process is called rereading. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.W.6. Grade 6 Writing Standards [W]

Text Types and Purposes

W.6.1. Write arguments (e.g., essays, letters to the editor, advocacy speeches) to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
W.6.1.a. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly in paragraphs and sections.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
W.6.1.b. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
W.6.1.c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
W.6.2. Write informative/explanatory texts (e.g., essays, oral reports, biographical feature articles) to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
W.6.2.a. Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information in paragraphs and sections, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include text features (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Extraneous Detail
What are Extraneous Details? Extraneous details are details that are irrelevant to the main idea of a paragraph. Extraneous details are details that are not necessary to include in a paragraph because they are not related to the theme of a paragraph. Extraneous details should not be included in your writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
W.6.2.c. Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
Signal/Transitional Words
Signal words show emphasis, addition, comparison or contrast, illustration, and cause and effect. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sequencing
What is Sequence? SEQUENCE = order. A sequence of events is the order in which events occurs. If you are telling a story about an incident that took place, it is important to tell the correct sequence of events so people understand the story. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
W.6.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented.
Supporting/Concluding Sentences
Supporting sentences support the main idea of the paragraph. These sentences follow a topic sentence in a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
W.6.3. Write narratives to develop experiences or events using effective literary techniques, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured sequences.
W.6.3.a. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an appropriate narrative sequence.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
W.6.3.b. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
W.6.3.c. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.
Signal/Transitional Words
Signal words show emphasis, addition, comparison or contrast, illustration, and cause and effect. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sequencing
What is Sequence? SEQUENCE = order. A sequence of events is the order in which events occurs. If you are telling a story about an incident that took place, it is important to tell the correct sequence of events so people understand the story. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
W.6.3.d. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, figurative and sensory language, and techniques such as personification (e.g., “the fog crept in”) to convey experiences or events.
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3

Production and Distribution of Writing

W.6.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in Standards 1–3 above.)
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
W.6.5. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
W.6.5.a. Demonstrate command of standard English conventions (as described in Language Standards 1–3 up to and including grade 6).
Grammar
Subject and verb agreement and other grammar skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Capitalization
The following categories of words should always be capitalized: The Pronoun "I", First Words of Sentences, Names and Titles of People, Family Relationships, Geographical Names, Parks, Mountains, Areas of the United States, Organizations, Teams, Companies, Schools, Awards, Religions. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Punctuation
What Are Punctuation Marks? Punctuation marks are symbols to help readers understand how to read sentences. Examples: Period-ending marks, abbreviations; Question mark-ending marks; Exclamation point-ending marks; Comma-separating items or words, direct address, dates. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Usage
What Is Usage? The way in which the English language is used is known as usage. To speak and write our language properly, certain rules must be followed. Examples: a and an: Use a before a word that starts with a consonant sound and an before a word that has a vowel sound (a cartoon, an orangutan). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

W.6.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
W.6.9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support written analysis, interpretation, reflection, and research, applying one or more grade 6 standards for Reading Literature or Reading Informational Text as needed.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3

Range of Writing

W.6.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Personal Experience
Use information from other subject areas and personal experience to express opinions and judgments. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.SL.6. Grade 6 Speaking and Listening Standards [SL]

Comprehension and Collaboration

SL.6.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
SL.6.1.d. Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing.
Personal Experience
Use information from other subject areas and personal experience to express opinions and judgments. Read more...iWorksheets :3
SL.6.2. Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study.
Listening and Viewing
An effective listener: has eye contact with the speaker, listens for the purpose of the speech, asks the speaker questions at the appropriate time, does not interrupt the speaker. An effective viewer: looks for the purpose in an advertisement, notices the date in a magazine or newspaper, searches for the labels on exhibits. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

SL.6.4. Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use appropriate vocabulary, eye contact, volume, and pronunciation. (See grade 6 Language Standards 4–6 for specific expectations regarding vocabulary.)
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SL.6.5. Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify information.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SL.6.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 6 Language Standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

MA.L.6. Grade 6 Language Standards [L]

Conventions of Standard English

L.6.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking; retain and further develop language skills learned in previous grades. (See grade 6 Writing Standard 5 and Speaking and Listening Standard 6 on strengthening writing and presentations by applying knowledge of conventions.)
Sentence Structure, Variety, and Meaning
L.6.1.c. Place or rearrange phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers.
Modifiers-Adjectives
What is an Adjective? A word that describes a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective. Modify means to change. Since adjectives change the meanings of nouns and pronouns, adjectives are also called modifiers. In the following sentence, intelligent is a predicate adjective. The word intelligent describes the word sister and follows the predicate, is: My sister is intelligent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.6.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
L.6.2.b. Spell correctly, recognizing that some words have commonly accepted variations (e.g., donut/doughnut).
Spelling
Are There Any Tricks to Becoming a Successful Speller? One technique for successful spelling is to say, or pronounce, the word correctly. Another technique for successful spelling is to write the word. It is helpful to refer to a dictionary for the correct spellings of questionable words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Knowledge of Language

L.6.3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
L.6.3.b. Recognize variations from standard or formal English in writing and speaking, determine their appropriateness for the intended purpose and audience, and make changes as necessary.
Informal Language
Recognize jargon, colloquialisms, informal vocabulary, and email conventions. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Informal Language
Informal language is mainly used between people who know each other well, or in relaxed and unofficial contexts. Informal language is mostly used while talking. we can also use informal language when we are writing such as writing a postcard to a family member or sending a text message to a friend or some business correspondences. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

L.6.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
L.6.4.a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Context Clues
Context clues are clues found in a text that may help you figure out the definition of a word that you do not know. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
Your vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
The five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.6.4.b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible).
Root Words
What are Root Words? A root is the foundation on which the meaning of the word is built. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Root Words
A root is the basic element of a word. It is the foundation on which the meaning of the word is built. Prefixes and suffixes are added to root words to form new words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Structural Analysis
In order to derive the meanings of words, it is helpful to analyze the structure of the words in our language: Is there a Latin or a Greek root word? Is the word a base word that can stand alone? Are there prefixes and suffixes added to the base word? Is the word a shortened form of a longer word? Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.6.4.c. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.
Using a Thesaurus
Use a thesaurus for synonyms and antonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Parts of a Book
Books contain several informational and important parts, including: Table of Contents, Index and Glossary Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Parts of a Book
Books may contain several parts that help the readers find information quickly and easily: Tables of Contents, Index, Glossary, headings, graphic organizers, charts, bold or italicized text. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Dictionary Skills
A dictionary is a useful tool in the study of words. Words are listed alphabetically in a dictionary so that they are easy to find. We look up words in a dictionary to find out about the word, including how to use it, what it means, and other important attributes of the word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.6.4.d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).
Context Clues
Context clues are clues found in a text that may help you figure out the definition of a word that you do not know. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
Your vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
The five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Dictionary Skills
A dictionary is a useful tool in the study of words. Words are listed alphabetically in a dictionary so that they are easy to find. We look up words in a dictionary to find out about the word, including how to use it, what it means, and other important attributes of the word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.6.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
L.6.5.a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context.
Literary Devices
Simile, metaphor, and personification. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary Devices
What is Onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the word it is describing. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Literary Elements/Poetic Devices
A literary element, or narrative element, or element of literature is a constituent of all works of narrative fiction—a necessary feature of verbal storytelling that can be found in any written or spoken narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Figurative Language
FreeLiteral language uses words exactly according to their conventionally accepted meanings. Figurative use of language is the use of words or phrases that implies a non-literal meaning which does make sense. When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
L.6.5.b. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand each of the words.
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
L.6.5.c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty).
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Standards

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